Ikeda, Erika T.
Petralia, Ronald S.
Rasia-Filho, Alberto A.
Moreira, Jorge E.
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
 Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Neurosci & Behav, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
 Natl Inst Deafness & Other Commun Disorders, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 - USA
 Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
 Fed Univ Hlth Sci Porto Alegre, Dept Basic Sci Physiol, BR-90050110 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento:
JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY;
JUN 15 2014.
Citações Web of Science:
The density of dendritic spines is sexually dimorphic and variable throughout the female estrous cycle in the rat posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD), a relevant area for the modulation of reproductive behavior in rats. The local synaptic activity differs between hemispheres in prepubertal animals. Here we used serial section transmission electron microscopy to produce 3D reconstructions of dendritic shafts and spines to characterize synaptic contacts on MePD neurons of both hemispheres in adult males and in females along the estrous cycle. Pleomorphic spines and nonsynaptic filopodia occur in the MePD. On average, 8.6% of dendritic spines received inputs from symmetric gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-immunoreactive terminals, whereas 3.6% received two synaptic contacts on the spine head, neck, or base. Presynaptic terminals in female right MePD had a higher density of synaptic vesicles and docked vesicles than the left MePD, suggesting a higher rate of synaptic vesicle release in the right MePD of female rats. In contrast, males did not show laterality in any of those parameters. The proportion of putative inhibitory synapses on dendritic shafts in the right MePD of females in proestrus was higher than in the left MePD, and higher than in the right MePD in males, or in females in diestrus or estrus. This work shows synaptic laterality depending on sex and estrous cycle phase in mature MePD neurons. Most likely, sexual hormone effects are lateralized in this brain region, leading to higher synaptic activity in the right than in the left hemisphere of females, mediating timely neuroendocrine and social/reproductive behavior. J. Comp. Neurol. 522:2075-2088, 2014. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)