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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus resistant to tigecycline and daptomycin isolated in a hospital in Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Dabul, A. N. G. [1] ; Camargo, I. L. B. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION; v. 142, n. 3, p. 479-483, MAR 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

We report the molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with resistance to tigecycline and to daptomycin isolated from intensive-care-unit patients in Brazil over a 6-month period. Thirty-six isolates (25 from infection sites, 11 from nasal sites) recovered from 23 patients who presented with MRSA infection during this period were characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, multilocus sequence typing, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing, and antimicrobial susceptibility profiling. Ten isolates from six patients and two isolates from different patients were resistant to tigecycline and daptomycin, respectively. Eight pulsotypes were identified and one, type A, accounted for 21 isolates from 12 patients; type A isolates were SCCmecII as were a further nine isolates of other pulsotypes. All but four of the total isolates were sequence type (ST) 5 or ST105 and classified as clonal complex (CC) 5; the historically prevalent lineage in Brazil, ST239-SCCmecIII, was identified in only three patients. Tigecycline-resistant strains were all ST105-SCCmecII and two patients were nasally colonized by strains of the same pulsotype found in infection sites. Two ST5-SCCmecII were daptomycin resistant after 48h incubation. The origin and mechanism of these resistant strains remains unknown and further studies are warranted to determine whether such clones are becoming endemic in Brazilian hospitals and to assess their impact on infection control practice. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/11890-9 - Estudo epidemiológico molecular de Staphylococcus aureus resistentes à meticilina (MRSA) isolados no Brasil e estudo da proteína reguladora de resposta GraR
Beneficiário:Andrei Nicoli Gebieluca Dabul Dias de Sousa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 10/02619-0 - Estudo epidemiológico molecular de Staphylococcus aureus resistentes à meticilina (MRSA) isolados no Brasil e estudo da proteína reguladora de resposta GraR
Beneficiário:Ilana Lopes Baratella da Cunha Camargo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores