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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The PTPN22 1858T allele but not variants in the proximal promoter region of IL-21 gene is associated with the susceptibility to type 1 diabetes and the presence of autoantibodies in a Brazilian cohort

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mainardi-Novo, D. T. O. [1] ; Santos, A. S. [1] ; Fukui, R. T. [1] ; Gamberini, M. [2] ; Correia, M. R. S. [1] ; Ruiz, M. O. [2] ; Mangueira, C. L. P. [3] ; Matioli, S. R. [4] ; Vasconcelos, D. M. [5] ; Silva, M. E. R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, LIM 18, Hosp Clin, Unidade Diabet, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Lab Cent, Secao Imunol, Lab Imunol Marilia, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Lab Cent, Secao Imunol, LIM 03, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Dept Dermatol, Lab Invest Dermatol & Imunodeficien, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY; v. 172, n. 1, p. 16-22, APR 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Interleukin (IL)-21 and protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) regulate lymphocyte function and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes. We sequenced the proximal promoter of the IL-21 gene for the first time and analysed the PTPN22 1858T polymorphism in type 1A diabetes (T1AD) patients and healthy controls (HC). We correlated the frequencies of islet and extra-pancreatic autoantibodies with genotypes from both loci. The case series comprised 612 T1AD patients and 792 HC. Genotyping of PTPN22 C1858T was performed on 434 T1AD patients and 689 HC. The 448 to +83 base pairs (bp) region of the IL-21 gene was sequenced in 309 Brazilian T1AD and 189 HC subjects. We also evaluated human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DR3/DR4 alleles. The frequencies of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65), tyrosine phosphatase-like protein (IA)-2, anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), thyroid peroxidase (TPO), thyroglobulin (TG), thyrotrophin receptor autoantibody (TRAb), anti-smooth muscle (ASM) and 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) autoantibodies were higher in T1AD patients than in HC. The PTPN22 1858T allele was associated with an increased risk for developing T1AD {[}odds ratio (OR)=1 center dot 94; P<0 center dot 001], particularly in patients of European ancestry, and with a higher frequency of GAD65 and TG autoantibodies. HLA-DR3/DR4 alleles predominated in T1AD patients. A heterozygous allelic IL-21 gene variant (g.-241 T>A) was found in only one patient. In conclusion, only PTPN22 C1858T polymorphism and HLA-DR3 and/or DR4 alleles, but not allelic variants in the 5-proximal region of the IL-21 gene were associated with T1AD risk. Patients with T1AD had increased frequencies of anti-islet-cell, anti-thyroid, anti-nuclear, anti-smooth muscle and anti-21-OH autoantibodies. The C1858T PTPN22 polymorphism was also associated with a higher frequency of GAD65 and TG autoantibodies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/06390-1 - Genética do diabetes tipo 1A: gene da interleucina-21 e seu receptor e gene PTPN22
Beneficiário:Maria Elizabeth Rossi da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular