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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Seasonal and spatial variability of CO2 emission from a large floodplain lake in the lower Amazon

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rudorff, Conrado M. [1] ; Melack, John M. [1] ; MacIntyre, Sally [2] ; Barbosa, Claudio C. F. [3] ; Novo, Evlyn M. L. M. [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Bren Sch Environm Sci & Management, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
[2] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Inst Marine Sci, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
[3] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH; v. 116, OCT 20 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 32
Resumo

The inundation status of the Amazon floodplain affects biogenic gas production and evasion. We analyzed spatial variability of dissolved CO2 concentration and gas evasion in a large floodplain lake in the lower reach of the Amazon River in four hydrological phases. We calculated surficial CO2 concentrations from measurements of pH, dissolved inorganic carbon, temperature, and conductivity and used meteorological data to calculate gas transfer coefficients to estimate CO2 evasion. Gas transfer coefficients that take into account both wind and heating and cooling at the lake's surface are on the order of 10 cm hr(-1), approximately four times higher than values previously used in regional estimates of gas evasion from lakes on the Amazon floodplain. Supersaturation of CO2 occurred throughout the lake and was higher in the littoral zone and in regions receiving Amazon River inflows. CO2 concentration was reduced in regions with phytoplankton blooms. The range of CO2 concentrations was least at low water, 47 mu M to 233 mu M, and largest at high water, 1 mu M to 656 mu M; the average annual value was 125 mu M. We estimate mean (+/- standard deviation) fluxes from open-water in L. Curuai to the atmosphere of 44 +/- 15, 348 +/- 13, 371 +/- 23, and 364 +/- 20 mmol CO2 m(-2) d(-1) during receding, low, rising, and high water, respectively. The error associated with these values reflects, for each hydrological phase, the spatial variation in CO2 concentration in L. Curuai, a likely range in atmospheric CO2 levels and temporal variations in gas transfer coefficient within 10-day periods. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/09911-1 - Monitoramento automático de variáveis limnológicas em sistemas aquáticos amazônicos sujeitos a diferentes graus de interferência antrópica
Beneficiário:José Luiz Stech
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 03/06999-8 - Estudo da dinâmica de circulação da água entre sistemas lóticos, lênticos e a planície de inundação
Beneficiário:Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular