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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evaluation of grinding methods for pellets preparation aiming at the analysis of plant materials by laser induced breakdown spectrometry

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Gomes, Marcos da Silva [1, 2] ; Santos Junior, Dario [3] ; Nunes, Lidiane Cristina [2] ; Arantes de Carvalho, Gabriel Gustinelli [2] ; Leme, Flavio de Oliveira [2] ; Krug, Francisco Jose [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, CENA, Lab Quim Analit, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Exatas & Terra, Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Talanta; v. 85, n. 4, p. 1744-1750, SEP 30 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 23
Resumo

It has been demonstrated that laser induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) can be used as an alternative method for the determination of macro (P, K. Ca, Mg) and micronutrients (B, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn) in pellets of plant materials. However, information is required regarding the sample preparation for plant analysis by LIBS. In this work, methods involving cryogenic grinding and planetary ball milling were evaluated for leaves comminution before pellets preparation. The particle sizes were associated to chemical sample properties such as fiber and cellulose contents, as well as to pellets porosity and density. The pellets were ablated at 30 different sites by applying 25 laser pulses per site (Nd:YAG@1064 nm, 5 ns, 10 Hz, 25J cm(-2)). The plasma emission collected by lenses was directed through an optical fiber towards a high resolution echelle spectrometer equipped with an ICCD. Delay time and integration time gate were fixed at 2.0 and 4.5 mu s, respectively. Experiments carried out with pellets of sugarcane, orange tree and soy leaves showed a significant effect of the plant species for choosing the most appropriate grinding conditions. By using ball milling with agate materials, 20 min grinding for orange tree and soy, and 60 min for sugarcane leaves led to particle size distributions generally lower than 75 mu m. Cryogenic grinding yielded similar particle size distributions after 10 min for orange tree, 20 min for soy and 30 min for sugarcane leaves. There was up to 50% emission signal enhancement on LIBS measurements for most elements by improving particle size distribution and consequently the pellet porosity. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/16379-0 - Estratégias de microamostragem para a análise de tecidos biológicos por espectrometria de emissão óptica com plasma induzido por laser
Beneficiário:Gabriel Gustinelli Arantes de Carvalho
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/17158-8 - Avaliação da espectrometria de emissão óptica com plasma induzido por laser (LIBS) para determinação de contaminantes inorgânicos em fertilizantes agrícolas
Beneficiário:Lidiane Cristina Nunes
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 04/15965-2 - Implantação e desenvolvimento de espectrometria de emissão óptica com plasma induzido por laser
Beneficiário:Francisco José Krug
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático