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Metropolitan governance in the context of dynamic urbanization: the case of Brazil

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Autor(es):
Zimmermann, Karsten ; Leonel, Ana Lia ; Kontopp, Marcio A.
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN POLITICAL SCIENCE; v. 5, p. 13-pg., 2023-05-18.
Resumo

This study discusses the evolvement of metropolitan governance in Brazil and uses greater Sao Paulo as an in-depth case study to demonstrate how metropolitan governance is organized in a megacity region in the Global South. This is of interest as many publications in this specific academic field focus on European or North American city regions that are, on average, smaller in size and part of multi-level governance systems. Hence, many theoretical positions that are established in the scholarly debate do not work well in the context of megacities. The study will describe how the metropolitan governance arrangement in greater Sao Paulo evolved and reflected on the setbacks and success of metropolitan planning and policies in the context of uncertain state support. Metropolitan regions have been established in Brazil by the military regime in the mid-1970s for industrialization and comprehensive top-down planning. After the fall of the regime in the 1980s, the question of metropolitan regions was delegated to the states which created a sort of institutional vacuum and a lack of dedicated policies. In 2018, however, Brazil had 76 institutionalized metropolitan regions but these differ in size and institutional strength. The metropolitan region of Sao Paulo is the biggest as it comprises 39 municipalities with approximately 20 million inhabitants. However, given the dynamic of expansion, the question of establishing an appropriate scale emerged. Attempts to create a governance arrangement for regional development and strategic planning for the so-called Sao Paulo Macrometropolis with 172 municipalities and roughly 32 million inhabitants failed. However, in a separate process, over decades, seven metropolitan regions emerged on a smaller scale (the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Region being one of them). The study is based on a literature review, document analysis (laws in particular), and workshops with Brazilian colleagues that happened within the context of a research project on environmental planning and water governance in the greater Sao Paulo Metropolitan Region. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 19/06536-6 - Geração de conhecimento e capacitação na área de planejamento e governança no contexto de desafios socioambientais e mudança climática
Beneficiário:Klaus Frey
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 22/01660-3 - Diálogo norte-sul na construção de um arcabouço teórico metodológico para interpretação do processo de planejamento
Beneficiário:Ana Lia Costa Monteiro Leonel
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 19/18462-7 - Trajetória e práxis do planejamento ambiental na macrometrópole paulista e mudanças climáticas: um estudo de caso sobre o instrumento do zoneamento ambiental
Beneficiário:Ana Lia Costa Monteiro Leonel
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 20/15340-5 - Governança metropolitana e suas expansões: reflexões sobre a cidade-região da macrometrópole paulista
Beneficiário:Marcio Anderson Kontopp
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 15/03804-9 - Governança ambiental da macrometrópole paulista face à variabilidade climática
Beneficiário:Pedro Roberto Jacobi
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático