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Thermoneutrality or standard temperature: is there an ideal housing temperature to study the antisteatotic effects of green tea in obese mice?

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Silva, Victoria ; Faria, Hector Oreliana Fernandes ; Sousa-Filho, Celso Pereira Batista ; de Alvarenga, Jose Fernando Rinaldi ; Fiamoncini, Jarlei ; Otton, Rosemari
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY; v. 120, p. 15-pg., 2023-10-01.

Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a condition characterized by excessive accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes, currently con-sidered the number one cause of chronic liver disease. MAFLD is strongly associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, and hypertension. Emphasis has been placed on the use of green tea (GT), produced from the Camellia sinensis plant, rich in antioxidants as polyphenols and catechins, on obesity and MAFLD treatment/prevention. Studies carried out in rodent models housed at a standard temperature (ST, 22 & DEG;C) are being questioned as ST is a determining factor on generating changes in the physiology of immune response, and energy metabolism. On the other hand, it seems that thermoneu-trality (TN, 28 & DEG;C) represents a closer parallel to human physiology. In this perspective, we investigated the effects of GT (500 mg/kg of body weight, over 12 weeks, 5 days/week) by comparing mice housed at ST or TN in a model of MAFLD of diet-induced obese males C57Bl/6 mice. We show that the liver phenotype at TN exhibits a more severe MAFLD while GT ameliorates this condition. In parallel, GT restores the expression of genes involved in the li-pogenic pathway, regardless of temperature, with slight modifications in lipolysis/fatty acid oxidation. We observed an increase promoted by GT in PPAR & alpha; and PPAR & gamma; proteins independently of housing temperature and a dual pattern of bile acid synthesis. Thus, animals' conditioning temperature is a key factor that can interfere in the results involving obesity and MAFLD, although GT has beneficial effects against MAFLD independently of the housing temperature of mice. & COPY; 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/19189-0 - Avaliação dos efeitos do d-limoneno na composição da microbiota intestinal e do metabolismo de ácidos biliares
Beneficiário:Jarlei Fiamoncini
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/07914-8 - FoRC - Centro de Pesquisa em Alimentos
Beneficiário:Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 19/10616-5 - Investigação dos mecanismos moleculares envolvidos no efeito antiobesidade da Camellia sinensis
Beneficiário:Rosemari Otton
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 19/11324-8 - Avaliação dos efeitos do D-limoneno no metabolismo intermediário de camundongos: relação entre o metabolismo do D-limoneno e os efeitos na saúde
Beneficiário:José Fernando Rinaldi de Alvarenga
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado