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Fire Dynamics in an Emerging Deforestation Frontier in Southwestern Amazonia, Brazil

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Dutra, Debora Joana ; Anderson, Liana Oighenstein ; Fearnside, Philip Martin ; Lima de Alencastro Graca, Paulo Mauricio ; Yanai, Aurora Miho ; Dalagnol, Ricardo ; Burton, Chantelle ; Jones, Christopher ; Betts, Richard ; Oliveira e Cruz de Aragao, Luiz Eduardo
Número total de Autores: 10
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FIRE-SWITZERLAND; v. 6, n. 1, p. 24-pg., 2023-01-01.

Land management and deforestation in tropical regions cause wildfires and forest degradation, leading to a loss of ecosystem services and global climate regulation. The objective of the study was to provide a comprehensive assessment of the spatial extent and patterns of burned areas in a new deforestation frontier in the Amazonas state. The methodology applied cross-referenced burned area data from 2003 to 2019 with climate, land cover, private properties and Protected Areas information and performed a series of statistical tests. The influence of the Multivariate ENSO Index (MEI) contributed to a decreasing rainfall anomalies trend and increasing temperature anomalies trend. This process intensified the dry season and increased the extent of annual natural vegetation affected by fires, reaching a peak of 681 km(2) in 2019. The results showed that the increased deforestation trend occurred mostly in public lands, mainly after the new forest code, leading to an increase in fires from 66 to 84% in 2019. The methods developed here could identify fire extent, trends, and relationship with land cover change and climate, thus pointing to priority areas for preservation. The conclusion presented that policy decisions affecting the Amazon Forest must include estimates of fire risk and impact under current and projected future climates. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 20/08916-8 - Predição da degradação florestal como subsídio a ações para evitar as queimadas e os incêndios florestais
Beneficiário:Liana Oighenstein Anderson
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 20/15230-5 - Centro de Pesquisa e Inovação de Gases de Efeito Estufa - RCG2I
Beneficiário:Julio Romano Meneghini
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Centros de Pesquisa em Engenharia
Processo FAPESP: 21/04019-4 - Predição da probabilidade de queimadas e incêndios florestais: efeitos climáticos e antrópicos
Beneficiário:Débora Joana Dutra
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico