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Multitargeting approaches to cognitive impairment: Synthesis of aryl-alkylpiperazines and assessment at cholinesterases, histamine H3 and dopamine D3 receptors

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Autor(es):
Aranha, Cecilia M. S. Q. ; Reiner-Link, David ; Leitzbach, Luisa R. ; Lopes, Flavia B. ; Stark, Holger ; Fernandes, Joao Paulo S.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry; v. 78, p. 10-pg., 2022-12-19.
Resumo

Multitargeting ligands on enzymes and receptors may generate a profile for a potential treatment of cognitive impairment. Considering this, a set of 21 substituted aryl-alkyl-piperazines were designed, prepared and tested for their binding affinities at histamine H3 and dopamine D3 receptors (H3R and D3R, respectively) as well as acetyl-and butyrylcholinesterases (AChE/BChE) as potentially synergistic profile. Initial screening of the com-pounds at H3R and D3R was done at 1 or 10 mu M and 100 mu M at AChE and BChE assays. The most promising compounds were then evaluated in full concentration-response curves to estimate the Ki and IC50 values. Results showed that several compounds were ligands at H3R (n = 10), D3R (n = 6), AChE (n = 3), and BChE (n = 9). Compounds LINS05006 (Ki H3R 2.8 mu M; D3R 0.7 mu M; IC50 BChE 26.3 mu M) and LINS05015 (Ki H3R 1.1 mu M; D3R 3.1 mu M; IC50 AChE 97.8 mu M; BChE 43.7 mu M) are highlighted since presented affinity in three different. These results suggest that methylpiperazine moiety led to balanced activity at all three classes of targets, and longer linker provided the best affinities. These compounds presented high ligand efficiency values (LE > 0.3) and may have adequate pharmacokinetic profile as suggested by calculated physicochemical properties. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 19/24028-8 - Aril-alquilamido-piperazinas substituídas como ligantes multialvo: síntese e avaliação da atividade em alvos relevantes para o tratamento de desordens do SNC
Beneficiário:João Paulo dos Santos Fernandes
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 21/03387-0 - Potenciais agentes multialvo para o tratamento de neurodegenerações: inibidores duais H3R/AChE com propriedades quelantes associadas
Beneficiário:Flávia Barrio Lopes
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado