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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

s citrate synthase an energy biomarker in Southwestern Atlantic corals? A comparative, biochemical approach under a simulated scenario of climate chang

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Autor(es):
Angonese, Mariana Semola [1] ; Faria, Samuel Coelho [2] ; Bianchini, Adalto [3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande, Inst Oceanog, BR-96203900 Rio Grande, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha, BR-11612109 Sao Sebastiao, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rio Grande, Inst Ciencias Biol, BR-96203900 Rio Grande, RS - Brazil
[4] Inst Coral Vivo, BR-45807000 Santa Cruz Cabralia, BA - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CORAL REEFS; v. 41, n. 1, p. 213-222, FEB 2022.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The Southwestern Atlantic (SWA) corals are more tolerant to global warming than those from the Caribbean Sea, possibly due to their higher heterotrophy and flexibility of symbiotic associations in nutrient-rich waters. Increased heterotrophy promotes greater energy gain via increased mitochondrial respiration, which can be used to face unfavorable conditions. Citrate synthase (CS) is a pacemaker enzyme of cellular respiration, and its activity can be used as a proxy for maximum aerobic capacity, thus being a potential predictor of organism tolerance against climate change. Therefore, we hypothesized that endemic coral species from SWA would have higher CS activity than those of pan-Caribbean distribution after exposure to a simulated scenario of moderate climate change (seawater temperature increase: + 2.5 degrees C; seawater acidification: - 0.3 pH unit), according to IPCC. Seven species of scleractinian corals and one hydrocoral species were biochemically evaluated in a phylogenetic perspective. Favia gravida, Mussismilia harttii, Montastraea cavernosa, Porites astreoides and Siderastrea stellata were unresponsive regarding CS activity, whereas Millepora alcicornis, Mussismilia hispida and Porites branneri showed a compensatory effect. Regardless of their phylogenetic relationships, endemic SWA coral species revealed higher CS activity than those of pan-Caribbean distribution. We suggest that the unique evolutionary history of SWA endemic species contributes to their biochemical tolerance to climate change, thus supporting the hypothesis of SWA as a refuge for reef life. Although CS is not a suitable biomarker for assessing the putative effects of climate change owing to its species-specific responses, it is an informative metric to indicate stress tolerance of species with different biogeographic origins. This idea becomes particularly evident for SWA reefs, where such a comparative, biochemical approach highlights the greater tolerance of endemic species at the subcellular level of organization. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/05310-9 - Uma fisiologia comparativa às causas da conservação de recifes de coral: plasticidade trófica dirige tolerância às mudanças climáticas?
Beneficiário:Samuel Coelho de Faria
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado