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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Revisiting pericarp structure, dehiscence and seed dispersal in Galipeeae (Zanthoxyloideae, Rutaceae)

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Autor(es):
Paschoalini, Guilherme de Ornellas [1] ; Pirani, Jose Rubens [1] ; Demarco, Diego [1] ; Leite El Ottra, Juliana Hanna [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Rev. bras. Bot.; JAN 2022.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Rutaceae is a large family, particularly variable in fruits which have traditionally been used in the delimitation of infrafamilial taxa. Within the family, tribe Galipeeae stands out due to the high diversity of fruits with an exceptional complexity of structure and development, as well as various strategies of seed and fruit dispersal. To better understand the morphological evolution of the tribe, we selected distinct types of fruits occurring in Erythrochiton (subtribe Galipeinae), Esenbeckia, Helietta and Metrodorea (subtribe Pilocarpinae) and comparatively analyzed their structure and development under light microscopy. Erythrochiton has a follicarium, Esenbeckia and Metrodorea capsules, and Helietta a samarium. All species investigated have multiplicative pericarp, resulting in large fruits containing many layers of fibers in the endocarp. The follicarium and capsules grow equally by diffuse cell divisions, but the samarium grows more markedly in the median dorsal part of mericarps, forming wings associated with an aerenchyma, which reduces their specific weight, facilitating dispersal by wind. The loculicidal capsules open along a dorsal dehiscence line, while the ventricidal follicles of the follicarium open along the ventral slit directed by the ventral vascular bundle. Both loculicidal capsules and follicaria dehisce explosively, and the seeds are ejected by the endocarp, which detaches from the pericarp. In addition to the novel observations in Galipeeae, a correlation between the degree of carpel union and the timing of schizocarpy is suggested for the first time. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/18002-2 - Sapindales: filogenia e diversificação na região neotropical
Beneficiário:José Rubens Pirani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 18/14853-9 - Morfoanatomia comparada e evolução dos frutos da tribo Galipeeae (Rutoideae, Rutaceae)
Beneficiário:Guilherme de Ornellas Paschoalini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 15/09776-7 - Estrutura floral de Sapindales neotropicais: implicações na sistemática e evolução
Beneficiário:Juliana Hanna Leite El Ottra
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado