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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

rowth performance and rumen morphometrics of Nellore and 1/2 Angus/Nellore feedlot cattle adapted over 9 and 14 days to high-concentrate diet

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Autor(es):
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Watanabe, Daniel Hideki Mariano [1] ; Bertoldi, Gustavo Perina [1] ; dos Santos, Anderson Augusto [1] ; da Silva Filho, Wilson Inacio [1] ; de Oliveira, Lucas Felipe Rebeschini [1] ; Pinto, Ana Carolina Janssen [1] ; Ceola Stefano Pereira, Murillo [2] ; Estevam, Daniela Dutra [2] ; Squizatti, Mariana Martins [1] ; Pinheiro, Rafael Silvio Bonilha [3] ; Millen, Danilo Domingues [1]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Julio de Mesquita Filho Unes, Coll Technol & Agr Sci, Dracena Expt Campus, Dracena - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ Julio de Mesquita Filho Unes, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Botucatu Campus, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ Julio de Mesquita Filho Unes, Coll Engn, Dept Biol & Anim Sci, Ilha Solteira Campus, Ilha Solteira - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION; v. 106, n. 1, p. 12-23, JAN 2022.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adapting Nellore and 1/2 Angus/Nellore (AN) feedlot cattle over periods of 9 and 14 days to high-concentrate diets on performance, feeding behaviour, carcass traits and rumen morphometrics. Seventy-two yearling bulls (313.5 kg +/- 24.5), 36 Nellore and 36 AN, were randomly allocated in 24 pens (3 animals/pen; 24 m(2) and 2.0 m of bunk space/animal) according to a randomized complete block design with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments as follows: Nellore adapted for 9 days, Nellore adapted for 14 days, AN adapted for 9 days, and AN adapted for 14 days. Each treatment was composed by 6 pens (considered the experimental unit in this study). The adaptation lasted either 9 or 14 days and consisted of 3 step-up diets. Therefore, yearling bulls received the finishing diet containing 86% concentrate either on day 10 or 15 of the study, which lasted 89 days taking into account adaptation and finishing periods. Cattle were slaughtered in a commercial abattoir, and two 1-cm(2)-rumen fragments, one from cranial and another from ventral sac, were collected. The AN cattle outperformed Nellore in terms of average daily gain (1.71 kg/day vs. 1.27 kg/day, p < 0.01), gain:feed ratio (0.137 kg/kg vs. 0.127 kg/kg, p = 0.02) and hot carcass weight (243.64 kg vs. 228.98 kg, p < 0.01). No main effect of the adaptation period was observed for any of the feedlot performance and carcass traits variables evaluated. Compared to feedlot cattle adapted for 9 days, feedlot cattle adapted for 14 days sorted against long (0.68 vs. 0.91, p < 0.01) and for fine particles (1.04 vs. 1.00, p = 0.01). An interaction (p < 0.01) of genotype and adaptation period was observed for rumenitis, where Nellore bulls adapted for 14 days presented the highest scores. In conclusion, there was no evidence that either Nellore or AN cattle benefit from an adaptation period shorter than 14 days. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/50643-2 - Desempenho, comportamento ingestivo, características de carcaça e carne, saúde ruminal e digestibilidade do amido em bovinos Nelore e 1/2 Angus/Nelore adaptados em confinamento por 9 ou 14 dias
Beneficiário:Danilo Domingues Millen
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/21666-7 - Desempenho, comportamento ingestivo, características de carcaça e carne, saúde ruminal e digestibilidade do amido em bovinos Nelore e 12 Angus/Nelore adaptados em confinamento por 9 ou 14 dias
Beneficiário:Daniel Hideki Mariano Watanabe
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado