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Petrogenesis of Granites from the Ediacaran Socorro Batholith, SE Brazil: Constraints from Zircon Dating, Geochemistry and Sr-Nd-Hf Isotopes

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Autor(es):
Toledo, Barbara Bueno [1] ; Janasi, Valdecir de Assis [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCE; v. 32, n. 6, SI, p. 1397-1414, DEC 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Whole rock elemental and Sr-Nd isotope geochemistry and in situ zircon Hf isotope geochemistry were used to identify the sources of the Neoproterozoic granites from the Socorro batholith, Socorro-Guaxupe Nappe (SGN), South Brasilia Orogen, Brazil. Zircon trace elements and Hf isotope geochemistry provided information about sources and crystallization (T, f(O2)) conditions. Three main types of granites built the bulk of the batholiths, beginning with probably pre-collisional similar to 640-630 Ma charnockites, and ending with similar to 610 Ma voluminous post-collisional high-K calc-alkaline (HKCA) I-type granites (Braganca Paulista-type). Several types of leucogranites were generated from 625 to 610 Ma, spanning the interval from collisional to post-collisional tectonics. Two charnockite bodies occur in the study area: the similar to 640 Ma Socorro charnockite has remarkable chemical similarities with Braganca Paulista-type granites, but higher epsilon(Nd)(t)= -6.1 and average zircon epsilon(Hf)(t)= -9.1 and lower Sr-86/Sr-87(t)(0.709 3) values, indicative of more juvenile and water-poor source. The similar to 633 Ma Atibaia charnockite has distinct geochemical signature (lower Mg-\# and Sr content; higher Zr), more negative E Nd (t)= -14.1, similar average zircon epsilon(Nd)(t)= -8.9, and much higher Sr-86/Sr-87(t)=0.719 7, probably reflecting a larger component from old crust. The predominant similar to 610 Ma Braganca Paulista-type granites were emplaced in a post-collisional setting, and correspond to porphyritic biotite-hornblende monzogranites of high-K calc-alkaline character with 61 wt.%-67 wt.% SiO2, high Mg-\# (39-42), Sr/Y (19-40), La/Yb (12-69), highly negative epsilon(Nd)(t) (-12.3 to - 12.9) and zircon epsilon(Hf)(t) (-12 to -17) and Sr-87/Sr-86(t)=0.711 9-0.713 1. These features are interpreted as indicative of magma generation in a thickened crust, where melts from enriched mantle sources emplaced in the lowermost crust, heated host old continental crust rocks (gneisses and granulites) and partially mixed with their melting products. Leucogranite plutons (SiO2>72 wt.%) occurring in the southern portion of the batholith have a range of geochemical and isotope signatures, reflecting melting of crustal sources in space and time between similar to 625 Ma (Bocaina Pluton) and similar to 610 Ma (Bairro da Pedreira Pluton). Highly negative epsilon(Nd)(t) (-16.2) and average zircon similar to epsilon(Hf)(t)= -16, and high Sr-87/Sr-86(t)(0.715 6-0.717 1) are consistent with relatively old ortho-and paragneiss sources similar to those which generated regionally abundant migmatites and anatectic granites in the collisional to post-collisional setting. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/01817-6 - Geração e evolução de magmas graníticos e implicações tectônicas: uma contribuição da geoquímica isotópica Sr-Nd-Pb e da datação in situ e geoquímica de zircão em granitos do se do Brasil
Beneficiário:Valdecir de Assis Janasi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 19/17550-0 - Identificação de áreas-fonte e condições de cristalização de magmas graníticos com base em geoquímica de minerais e rochas
Beneficiário:Valdecir de Assis Janasi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular