Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci Humanities & Exact Sci, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento:
NOV 5 2021.
Citações Web of Science:
Male terminalia in insects with internal fertilization evolve more rapidly than other structures. The aedeagus is the most variable structure, making it a valuable diagnostic feature to distinguish species. The saltans group Sturtevant of Drosophila Fallen contains sibling species, that can be distinguished by their aedeagi. Here, we revised and illustrated the morphology of the male terminalia of the following species: Drosophila prosaltans Duda, 1927; D. saltans Sturtevant, 1916; D. lusaltans Magalhaes, 1962; D. austrosaltans Spassky, 1957; D. septentriosaltans Magalhaes, 1962; D. nigrosaltans Magalhaes, 1962; D. pseudosaltans Magalhaes, 1956; D. sturtevanti Duda, 1927; D. lehrmanae Madi-Ravazzi et al., 2021; D. dacunhai Mourao \& Bicudo, 1967; D. milleri Magalhaes, 1962; D. parasaltans Magalhaes, 1956; D. emarginata Sturtevant, 1942; D. neoelliptica Pavan \& Magalhaes in Pavan, 1950; D. neosaltans Pavan \& Magalhaes in Pavan, 1950 and D. neocordata Magalhaes, 1956. We found that phallic structures (e.g., the aedeagus) evolve more rapidly than periphallic structures (e.g., epandrium), being completely different among the subgroups and within them. This rapid evolution may be due to the action of sexual selection or to the potential role of those structures in speciation. (AU)