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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Organic farming practices change the soil bacteria community, improving soil quality and maize crop yields

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Durrer, Ademir [1] ; Gumiere, Thiago [2] ; Zagatto, Mauricio Rumenos Guidetti [1] ; Feiler, Henrique Petry [1] ; Silva, Antonio Marcos Miranda [1] ; Longaresi, Rodrigo Henriques [3] ; Homma, Sergio K. [3] ; Cardoso, Elke J. B. N. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Soil Sci Dept, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Laval Univ, Dept Soil & Agr Engn, Quebec City, PQ - Canada
[3] Mokiti Okada Res Ctr, Ipeuna, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PeerJ; v. 9, SEP 23 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background. The importance of organic farming has increased through the years to promote food security allied with minimal harm to the ecosystem. Besides the environmental benefits, a recurring problem associated with organic management is the unsatisfactory yield. A possible solution may rely on the soil microbiome, which presents a crucial role in the soil system. Here, we aimed to evaluate the soil bacterial community structure and composition under organic and conventional farming, considering the tropical climate and tropical soil. Methodology. Our organic management treatments were composed by composted poultry manure and green manure with Bokashi. Both organic treatments were based on low nitrogen inputs. We evaluated the soil bacterial community composition by high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes, soil fertility, and soil enzyme activity in two organic farming systems, one conventional and the last transitional from conventional to organic. Results. We observed that both organic systems evaluated in this study, have higher yield than the conventional treatment, even in a year with drought conditions. These yield results are highly correlated with changes in soil chemical properties and enzymatic activity. The attributes pH, Ca, P, alkaline phosphatase, and beta-glucosidase activity are positively correlated with organic systems, while K and Al are correlated with conventional treatment. Also, our results show in the organic systems the changes in the soil bacteria community, being phyla Acidobacteria, Firmicutes, Nitrospirae, and Rokubacteria the most abundant. These phyla were correlated with soil biochemical changes in the organic systems, helping to increase crop yields. Conclusion. Different organic management systems, (the so-called natural and organic management systems, which use distinct organic sources), shift the soil bacterial community composition, implying changes in their functionalities. Also, our results contributed to the identification of target bacterial groups and changes in soil chemical properties and enzymatic activity in a trophic organic farming system, which may contribute to higher crop yields. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/18994-3 - Relações entre sistemas de cultivo e microrganismos do solo: efeitos na microbiota e promotores do desenvolvimento vegetal
Beneficiário:Ademir Durrer Bigaton
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 19/13436-8 - Mitigação do estresse hídrico em milho (Zea mays L.) mediante a inoculação de fungos micorrízicos arbusculares e rizobactérias promotoras de crescimento
Beneficiário:Antonio Marcos Miranda Silva
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/18944-3 - Mudanças climáticas e eficiência energética na agricultura: um enfoque em estresse hídrico, manejo orgânico e biologia do solo
Beneficiário:Elke Jurandy Bran Nogueira Cardoso
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático