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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Comparing the potential reproductive phenology between restored areas and native tropical forest fragments in Southeastern Brazil

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Autor(es):
Rother, Debora C. [1, 2] ; Sousa, Igor L. F. [3] ; Gressler, Eliana [3] ; Liboni, Ana P. [2, 4] ; Souza, Vinicius C. [2] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo R. [2] ; Morellato, L. Patricia [3]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz ESALQ, Lab Ecol & Restauracao Florestal, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Biodiversidade, Lab Fenol, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Bot, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: RESTORATION ECOLOGY; SEP 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Plant phenology is rarely considered when selecting species used in restoration actions. However, considering the potential flowering and fruiting phenologies of species is a key point to: (1) evaluate the capacity of restoration actions in reestablishing ecological interactions (pollination and seed dispersal) and ecosystem functions (early germination and plant establishment to reduce soil erosion); (2) determine which species are most suitable to the target site, and (3) identify when and where locally adapted seeds can be harvested and purchased. Here, we evaluate the potential reproductive phenology of species occurring in restored and forest fragments in Southeastern Brazil. We asked whether flowering and fruiting phenological patterns differed among type areas. For such, we compared 14 restored areas and 18 nearby forest fragments and compiled phenological data from the literature for 267 species (84% of species sampled). Despite their low floristic similarity, restored and forest fragments showed close similarity of general potential flowering and fruiting periods year-round, peaking in the dry-to-rainy season. There were only slight differences in seasonality of two out of the eight parameters evaluated. Nonzoochorous species' fruiting was seasonal, while zoochorous species fruiting onset occurred year-round but was slightly seasonal in forest fragments. Comparing potential phenological patterns between restored and forest fragments using a compilation from secondary sources are unprecedented in Brazil at this scale. Our results highlight that applying phenological information, even from literature, is essential to improve the science and practice of future restoration actions, enhancing the likelihood of successful restoration of ecosystem functions and species interactions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50718-5 - Restauração ecológica de florestas ciliares, de florestas nativas de produção econômica e de fragmentos florestais degradados (em APP e RL), com base na ecologia de restauração de ecossistemas de referência, visando testar cientificamente os preceitos do Novo Código Florestal Brasileiro
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/24118-8 - O papel da restauração ecológica no resgate da diversidade florística e funcional e na melhoria da estrutura da paisagem regional da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Debora Cristina Rother
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/54208-6 - EMU: Laboratório Multiusuário Centralizado do Núcleo de Estudos em Biodiversidade da UNESP
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 13/50155-0 - Combining new technologies to monitor phenology from leaves to ecosystems
Beneficiário:Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - PITE