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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evolution of the strikingly diverse submandibular muscles in Anura

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Autor(es):
Elias-Costa, Agustin J. [1] ; Araujo-Vieira, Katyuscia [1] ; Faivovich, Julian [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Museo Argentino Ciencias Nat Bernardino Rivadavia, Div Herpetol, Av Angel Gallardo 470, C1405DJR, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[2] Univ Buenos Aires, Fac Ciencias Exactas & Nat, Dept Biodiversidad & Biol Expt, C1428EGA, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CLADISTICS; v. 37, n. 5, p. 489-517, OCT 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The most ventral muscles of the head (the mm. submentalis, intermandibularis, and interhyoideus) provide support to the gular region and lift the buccal floor during ventilation and feeding. These muscles show limited variation in most gnathostomes, but in Anura they exhibit a surprising diversity. The few studies that have explored this character system highlighted its potential as a source of phylogenetic information. In this paper we explored the diversity of this character system studying specimens of 567 anuran species and reviewing published data to cover a total of 1321 species, belonging to 53 of the 54 currently recognized anuran families, as well as caudates and caecilians. We defined 27 discrete characters including the number of muscle bellies, supplementary layers, hypertrophy and diversity of elastic fibres, and pigmentation, among others, and optimized them on a comprehensive phylogenetic hypothesis. We recognized 223 unambiguously optimized synapomorphies for numerous clades on different scales, including three for Anura and many for suprafamiliar clades with poor phenotypic support. Finally, we discussed the evolution of this highly diverse character system, including homology, development, and its functional role in vocalization and feeding. Interestingly, the striking levels of variation in some structures contrast with the amount of phylogenetic inertia, allowing us to recognize several general patterns. Supplementary elements of the m. intermandibularis evolved first as broad layers occuring in more than half of extant anuran species and then concentrated forming discreet bellies in several clades. The anterior portion of the gular region is not sexually dimorphic, and is likely related to ventilation and tongue protraction. Conversely, the diversity of the m. interhyoideus is strongly linked to vocal sacs, which are present only in adult males, suggesting the presence of two independent modules. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/10000-5 - Uma abordagem multidisciplinar para o estudo da diversificação de anfíbios
Beneficiário:Taran Grant
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 13/50741-7 - Diversidade e conservação dos anfíbios brasileiros
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 18/15425-0 - Uma abordagem multidisciplinar para o estudo da diversificação dos anfíbios: fase 2
Beneficiário:Taran Grant
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores - Fase 2
Processo FAPESP: 14/50342-8 - Anfíbios do mosaico de áreas protegidas do Lagamar: diversidade, conservação e perspectivas
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Parceria para Inovação Tecnológica - PITE