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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Black capuchin monkeys dynamically adjust group spread throughout the day

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Autor(es):
Luccas, Vitor [1] ; Izar, Patricia [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Psychol, Dept Expt Psychol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PRIMATES; v. 62, n. 5, p. 789-799, SEP 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Variation in group spread can affect communication between individuals, synchrony of activity and collective decision-making. Most studies have measured this variation in large time scales, but the variables that influence group spread change as the social unit ranges over different areas throughout the day. Thus, our aim was to analyze the diurnal variation in group spread of a group of black capuchin monkeys (Sapajus nigritus) inhabiting an area within the southeastern Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the Carlos Botelho State Park. We measured group spread as the distance between the coordinates of the location of the two most distant group members every 5 min during entire days. Using time series analysis, we found that the group spread varied within short periods of time (15 min) throughout the day, revolving around the average group spread distance of 36 m. Group members tended to decrease the interindividual distance over time when they were more than 36 m apart, and to increase the distance when they were at a distance of less than 36 m. In addition, group spread was higher when monkeys were eating fruit than during other activities. We conclude that the variation in group spread may reflect competition for discrete food resources and that increasing cohesion several times throughout the day can be a way of resuming social contact between individuals. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/13237-1 - Plasticidade fenotípica de macacos-prego (gênero Sapajus): investigação sobre o efeito de trajetórias ontogenéticas distintas e de ativação contexto-dependente
Beneficiário:Patrícia Izar
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático