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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Prolonged anesthesia and decreased toxicity of enantiomeric-excess bupivacaine loaded in ionic gradient liposomes

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Autor(es):
de Lima, Fernando Freitas [1] ; da Silva, Bianca Brandao [1] ; Oliveira, Juliana Damasceno [1] ; de Moura, Ludmilla David [1] ; da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Rodrigues [1] ; Fernandes, Priscila Cordeiro Lima [1] ; Souza, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho [2] ; dos Santos, Ariany Carvalho [2] ; de Paula, Eneida [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas Unicamp, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem & Tissue Biol, Campinas - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Grande Dourados, Fac Hlth Sci, Dourados, MS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: International Journal of Pharmaceutics; v. 606, SEP 5 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Bupivacaine is the most employed local anesthetic in surgical procedures, worldwide. Its systemic toxicity has directed the synthesis of the less toxic, S(-) enantiomer. This work describes a formulation of ionic gradient liposomes (IGL) containing S75BVC, an enantiomeric excess mixture of 75% S(-) and 25% R(+) bupivacaine. IGL prepared with 250 mM (NH4)(2)SO4 in the inner aqueous core of phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (3:2 mol%) vesicles plus 0.5% S75BVC showed average sizes of 312.5 +/- 4.5 nm, low polydispersity (PDI < 0.18), negative zeta potentials (-14.2 +/- 0.2 mV) and were stable for 360 days. The encapsulation efficiency achieved with IGL(S75BVC) (%EE = 38.6%) was higher than with IGL prepared with racemic bupivacaine (IGL(RBVC), %EE = 28.3%). TEM images revealed spherical vesicles and mu DSC analysis provided evidence on the interaction of the anesthetic with the lipid bilayer. Then, in vitro release kinetics and cytotoxicity- and in vivo - toxic effects in Zebrafish and biochemical/histopathological analysis plus analgesia in Wistar rats tests were performed. IGL(S75BVC) exhibited negligible toxicity against Schwann cells and Zebrafish larvae, and it did not affect biochemical markers or the morphology of rat tissues (heart, brain, cerebellum, sciatic nerve). The in vitro release of S75BVC from IGL was extended from 4 to 24 h, justifying the prolonged anesthetic effect measured in rats (similar to 9 h). The advantages of IGL(S75BVC) formulation over IGL(RBVC) and plain bupivacaine formulations (prolonged anesthesia, preferential sensorial blockade, and no toxicity) confirm its potential for clinical use in surgical anesthesia. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/12121-0 - Desenvolvimento de uma formulação de liberação sustentada para tetracaína em lipossomas com gradiente iônico
Beneficiário:Fernando Freitas de Lima
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/14457-5 - Carreadores baseados em lipídios (SLN/NLC e lipossomas com gradiente iônico) como estratégia para aumentar a encapsulação e a potência de anestésicos locais
Beneficiário:Eneida de Paula
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático