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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Spread of X-chromosome inactivation into autosomal regions in patients with unbalanced X-autosome translocations and its phenotypic effects

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Autor(es):
Favilla, Bianca Pereira [1] ; Meloni, Vera Ayres [1] ; Perez, Ana Beatriz [1] ; Moretti-Ferreira, Danilo [2] ; de Souza, Deise Helena [2] ; Bellucco, Fernanda Teixeira [1] ; Melaragno, Maria Isabel [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNIFESP Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morphol & Genet, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Biosci Inst, Dept Chem & Biol Sci, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS PART A; v. 185, n. 8, p. 2295-2305, AUG 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Patients with unbalanced X-autosome translocations are rare and usually present a skewed X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) pattern, with the derivative chromosome being preferentially inactivated, and with a possible spread of XCI into the autosomal regions attached to it, which can inactivate autosomal genes and affect the patients' phenotype. We describe three patients carrying different unbalanced X-autosome translocations, confirmed by G-banding karyotype and array techniques. We analyzed their XCI pattern and inactivation spread into autosomal regions, through HUMARA, ZDHHC15 gene assay and the novel 5-ethynyl-2 `-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation assay, and identified an extremely skewed XCI pattern toward the derivative chromosomes for all the patients, and a variable pattern of late-replication on the autosomal regions of the derivative chromosomes. All patients showed phenotypical overlap with patients presenting deletions of the autosomal late-replicating regions, suggesting that the inactivation of autosomal segments may be responsible for their phenotype. Our data highlight the importance of the XCI spread into autosomal regions for establishing the clinical picture in patients carrying unbalanced X-autosome translocations, and the incorporation of EdU as a novel and precise tool to evaluate the inactivation status in such patients. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/11572-8 - Rearranjos cromossômicos e sua importância na etiologia das doenças genéticas: investigação citogenômica e molecular
Beneficiário:Maria Isabel de Souza Aranha Melaragno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 19/21644-0 - Impacto de variantes genéticas na estabilidade do genoma e seus efeitos no fenótipo
Beneficiário:Maria Isabel de Souza Aranha Melaragno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático