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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cold-adapted chitinases from Antarctic bacteria: Taxonomic assessment and enzyme production optimization

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Autor(es):
Santa-Cruz Vasquez, Yesenia Melissa [1, 2] ; Gomes, Milene Barbosa [2] ; Rodrigues E Silva, Tiago [2] ; Fernandes Duarte, Alysson Wagner [2, 3] ; Rosa, Luiz Henrique [4] ; de Oliveira, Valeria Maia [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, UNICAMP, POB 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Ctr Pluridisciplinar Pesquisas Quim Biol & Agr CP, Div Recursos Microbianos, POB 6171, BR-13081970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Alagoas, Complexo Ciencias Med & Enfermagem, Campus Arapiraca, BR-57309009 Arapiraca, AL - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOCATALYSIS AND AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY; v. 34, JUL 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The Antarctic continent hosts heterogeneous regions, which are in general exposed to extreme conditions, mainly low temperatures. Thus, microorganisms that thrive in this environment are supposed to harbor a metabolic versatility of great biotechnological interest, which includes the production of cold-adapted enzymes. The present study aimed to investigate chitinase production by bacteria isolated from marine and terrestrial samples from the Maritime Antarctica. For this, a collection of 560 bacteria was evaluated. Seventy-three (13%) isolates, belonging to 13 bacterial genera affiliated to Proteobacteria (6), Actinobacteria (4) and Firmicutes (3), were positive in preliminary assays, and twenty strains were further selected based on individual plate assays at 5 and 15 degrees C. These strains were identified such as Arthrobacter psychrochitiniphilus, Arthrobacter cryoconite and Curto bacterium luteum, all belonging to the phylum Actinobacteria. The best chitinase producer was A. psychrochitiniphilus 492, which showed 43.39 U/L in 80 h of incubation. After optimization of nine independent variables by Plackett-Burman experimental design, followed by a fractional factorial (25-1) and a central composite design (CCD) 23, the best condition for chitinase production was achieved using yeast extract 1.0 g/L, NH4NO3 2.0 g/L, colloidal chitin 5.0% and initial pH 6.0, which allowed an increase of 7.7-fold in chitinase production as compared with the initial condition without optimiza tion. Results gathered herein reinforce the Antarctic environment as a rich source for chitinase prospecting and open perspectives for further optimization strategies aiming future biotechnological application of such molecules in ecologically-friendly and sustainable processes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/17936-1 - Prospecção de antibióticos e pigmentos a partir de bactérias isoladas da Antártica
Beneficiário:Tiago Rodrigues e Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/21790-0 - Caracterização química de pigmentos de interesse biotecnológico extraídos de bactérias isoladas da Antártica
Beneficiário:Tiago Rodrigues e Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/05640-6 - Multi-ômicas aplicadas ao conhecimento e exploração de microbiomas Antárticos
Beneficiário:Valeria Maia Merzel
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular