Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ultra-processed food consumption and risk of obesity: a prospective cohort study of UK Biobank

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rauber, Fernanda [1, 2, 3] ; Chang, Kiara [3] ; Vamos, Eszter P. [3] ; da Costa Louzada, Maria Laura [1, 2] ; Monteiro, Carlos Augusto [1, 2] ; Millett, Christopher [2, 3] ; Levy, Renata Bertazzi [4, 2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Ave Dr Arnaldo 715, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Epidemiol Res Nutr & Hlth, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Publ Hlth Policy Evaluat Unit, London W6 8RP - England
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION; v. 60, n. 4, p. 2169-2180, JUN 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Objective The objective of this study was to examine the associations between ultra-processed food consumption and risk of obesity among UK adults. Methods Participants aged 40-69 years at recruitment in the UK Biobank (2006-2019) with dietary intakes collected using 24-h recall and repeated measures of adiposity--body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and percentage of body fat (% BF)--were included (N = 22,659; median follow-up: 5 years). Ultra-processed foods were identified using the NOVA classification and their consumption was expressed as a percentage of total energy intake. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) of several indicators of obesity according to ultra-processed food consumption. Models were adjusted for sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics. Results 947 incident cases of overall obesity (BMI >= 30 kg/m(2)) and 1900 incident cases of abdominal obesity (men: WC >= 102 cm, women: WC >= 88 cm) were identified during follow-up. Participants in the highest quartile of ultra-processed food consumption had significantly higher risk of developing overall obesity (HR 1.79; 95% CI 1.06-3.03) and abdominal obesity (HR 1.30; 95% CI 1.14-1.48). They had higher risk of experiencing a >= 5% increase in BMI (HR 1.31; 95% CI 1.20-1.43), WC (HR 1.35; 95% CI 1.25-1.45) and %BF (HR 1.14; 95% CI 1.03-1.25), than those in the lowest quartile of consumption. Conclusions Our findings provide evidence that higher consumption of ultra-processed food is strongly associated with a higher risk of multiple indicators of obesity in the UK adult population. Policy makers should consider actions that promote consumption of fresh or minimally processed foods and reduce consumption of ultra-processed foods. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/26660-0 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados e incidência de diabetes na população inglesa: coorte Biobank
Beneficiário:Renata Bertazzi Levy
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 15/14900-9 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e obesidade em sete países
Beneficiário:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/14302-7 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados e indicadores de qualidade nutricional da dieta na Austrália
Beneficiário:Fernanda Rauber
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/19820-1 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados e obesidade na coorte Biobank do Reino Unido
Beneficiário:Fernanda Rauber
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado