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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Increasing levels of de-oiled wet distillers grains in feedlot diets on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation and microbiology

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Autor(es):
Tomaz, Lais de Aquino [1] ; Niehues, Maria Betania [2] ; Baldassini, Welder Angelo [2] ; Castagnino, Pablo [2] ; Amaral Bertoco, Joao Pedro [1] ; van Cleef, Eric [3] ; Ezequiel, Jane [1] ; Arrigoni, Mario de Beni [2] ; Martins, Cyntia L. [2] ; Neto, Otavio R. Machado [2, 1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Sch Agr & Veterinarian Sci, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, BR-18610307 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Triangulo Mineiro, R-38280000 Iturama, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: LIVESTOCK SCIENCE; v. 245, MAR 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The supply of wet distillers grains (WDG) has been growing in Brazil, with the increase in corn ethanol production. However, little is known about de-oiled corn WDG on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation and microbiology of beef cattle. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the increasing levels of de oiled WDG replacing soybean meal and corn on dry matter (DM) intake, total tract digestibility, ruminal short chain fatty acids and microbiology. Eight ruminally cannulated Nellore bulls (BW = 453 ? 32 kg) were allocated on individual pens and distributed in 4 treatments with 0, 150, 300 and 450 g de-oiled WDG/kg DM in a 4 ? 4 replicated Latin square design. The experimental period lasted 112 days, divided into 4 periods of 28 days (14 days of adaptation plus 14 days of sampling). The DM, organic matter and ether extract intake increased quadratically (P < 0.05), and were greater in animals fed 300 g/kg WDG. Intake and digestibility of crude protein and neutral detergent fiber increased, however, intake and digestibility of non-fiber carbohydrates decreased linearly (P< 0.05) with increasing levels of de-oiled WDG.Gross energy (GE) and digestible energy (DE) intake were quadratically affected by the treatments, whereby animals fed 300 g/kg WDG in the diet showed greater (P < 0.05) GE and DE intake. Moreover, propionate and butyrate concentration increased linearly (P< 0.05) in animals fed de-oiled WDG, which could be associated to greater (P< 0.10) relative abundance of Selonomonas ruminantium, resulting in higher ruminal pH in these animals. Therefore, the inclusion of de-oiled WDG might be used as replacement of soybean meal and ground corn in high concentrate diets of Nellore cattle without compromising ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestibility. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/21354-6 - Grãos de milho úmidos de destilaria na alimentação de bovinos Nelore: digestibilidade e parâmetros ruminais
Beneficiário:Laís de Aquino Tomaz
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 18/09731-1 - Quantificação das populações microbianas e da fermentação ruminal de bovinos Nelore alimentados com diferentes níveis de inclusão de grãos de milho úmidos de destilaria na dieta
Beneficiário:Pablo de Souza Castagnino
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/04478-0 - Níveis de grãos de destilaria em dietas para bovinos de corte confinados: desempenho, características de carcaça e qualidade de carne
Beneficiário:Otávio Rodrigues Machado Neto
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular