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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dynamic Changes of Performance Fatigability and Muscular O-2 Saturation in a 4-km Cycling Time Trial

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Azevedo, Rafael A. [1, 2] ; Milioni, Fabio [1, 3] ; Murias, Juan M. [1] ; Bertuzzi, Romulo [2] ; Millet, Guillaume Y. [1, 4, 5]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Calgary, Fac Kinesiol, KNB 434, 2500 Univ Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4 - Canada
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport GEDAE USP, Endurance Performance Res Grp GEDAE USP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Sci, Dept Phys Educ, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Lyon, Lab Interuniv Biol Motricite, UJM St Etienne, St Etienne - France
[5] Inst Univ France IUF, Paris - France
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE; v. 53, n. 3, p. 613-623, MAR 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Exercise intensity variations throughout a cycling time trial (TT) might be influenced by subject's functional state. Purpose The current study characterized the performance fatigability etiology, immediately after exercise cessation, and its relation to the dynamic changes in muscle O-2 saturation (SmO2) at different TT phases. Methods Twelve males performed three separated TT of different distances, in a crossover counterbalanced design, until the end of the fast-start (FS, 827 +/- 135 m), even-pace (EP, 3590 +/- 66 m), or end-spurt (ES, 4000 m) TT phases. Performance fatigability was characterized by using isometric maximal voluntary contractions (IMVC), whereas the maximal voluntary activation (VA) and contractile function of knee extensors (e.g., peak torque of potentiated twitches {[}TwPt]) were evaluated using electrically evoked contractions performed before and immediately after each exercise bouts. SmO2, power output (PO), and EMG were also recorded. Results Immediately after the FS phase, there were lower values for IMVC (-23%), VA (-8%), and TwPt (-43%) (all P < 0.001), but no further changes were measured after EP (IMVC, -28%; VA, -8%; TwPt, -38%). After the ES phase, IMVC (-34%) and TwPt (-59%) further decreased compared with the previous phases (P < 0.05). There were lower SmO2 and higher EMG/PO values during FS and ES compared with EP phase. Conclusion FS and EP phases had similar performance fatigability etiology, but ES showed further impairments in contractile function. This later finding might be due to the abrupt changes in SmO2 and EMG/PO because of the high exercise intensity during the ES, which elicited maximal decline in contractile function at the finish line. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/26281-4 - Cinética da recuperação neuromuscular e do desempenho após sprints intermitentes
Beneficiário:Fabio Milioni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/02683-6 - Influência da suplementação de beta-alanina associado ao treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade no desempenho de sprints repetidos.
Beneficiário:Fabio Milioni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/22053-0 - Pacing no ciclismo: um estudo sobre a interface fadiga neuromuscular e perfil metabólico
Beneficiário:Rômulo Cássio de Moraes Bertuzzi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular