Univ Sao Paulo, Ophidiarium LNN FMRP USP INeC, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, NAP USP Neurobiol Emot Res Ctr NuPNE, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento:
Behavioural Brain Research;
MAR 5 2021.
Citações Web of Science:
Cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1R) is widely distributed in the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr). However, the role of CB1R at the SNpr level in threatening situations is poorly understood. We investigated the role of CB1R in the SNpr on the expression of fear responses in mice confronted with urutu-cruzeiro pit vipers. First, a bidirectional neumtracer was injected into the SNpr; then, immunostaining of the vesicular GABA transporter was conducted at the levels of the striatum (CPu) and deep layers of the superior colliculus (d1SC). In addition, CB1R immunostaining and GABA labelling were performed in the SNpr. Using a prey-versus-snake paradigm, mice were pretreated with the CB1R antagonist AM251 (100 pmol) and treated with the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA, 5 pmol) in the SNpr, followed by bicuculline (40 ng) in the dlSC, and were then confronted with a snake. Bidirectional neural tract tracers associated with immunofluorescence showed the GABAergic striatonigral disinhibitory and nigrotectal inhibitory pathways. Furthermore, we showed that CB1R labelling was restricted to axonal fibres surrounding SNpr GABAergic cells. We also demonstrated a decrease in the defensive behaviours of mice treated with AEA in the SNpr, but this effect was blocked by pre-treatment with AM251 in this structure. Taken together, our results show that the panicolytic consequences of the AEA enhancement in the SNpr are signalled by CB1R, suggesting that CB1R localised in axon terminals of CPu GABAergic neurons in the SNpr modulates the activity of the nigrotectal GABAergic pathway during the expression of defensive behaviours in threatening situations. (AU)