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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Differential effects of early exposure to alcohol on alcohol preference and blood alcohol levels in low- and high-anxious rats

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Autor(es):
Sgobbi, Renata Ferreira [1] ; Nobre, Manoel Jorge [2, 1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Neuropsicofarmacol, Dept Psicol, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14090901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Uni FACEF, Dept Psicol, BR-14401135 Franca, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Experimental Brain Research; v. 238, n. 12, p. 2753-2768, DEC 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Emotional disturbances emerge following alcohol withdrawal. The anxiolytic effect of alcohol may be one important motivation for its consumption in conditions where alcohol intake is anxiety reducing. Besides, early alcohol experience will predict future alcohol-related problems at some point in their lives. Rats classified according to their anxiety-like behavior phenotype show a higher preference for alcohol. Yet, despite preclinical studies have identified the behavioral and physiological effects of alcohol withdrawal, little has been shown on relapse to alcohol after a period of abstinence following intermittent long-term alcohol consumption in low-(LA) and high-anxiety (HA) phenotype rats. This study attempts to assess the role of emotional reactivity of early-aged LA and HA rats on later alcohol preference, through an operant response procedure. For this, a sweetened liquid fading procedure associated with a long-term and intermittent voluntary alcohol drinking was used, with the animals being tested on different withdrawal periods. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms were recorded, and blood alcohol levels were assessed at two intervals to examine the influence of anxiety phenotype on blood alcohol clearance. Data from HA control and HA withdrawn rats show that emotionality selectively influences alcohol preference. Blood alcohol decay was faster in HA than in LA alcohol pretreated rats. HA rats showed an ascending curve of alcohol intake, exhibiting a high level of alcohol drinking on withdrawal and withdrawal symptoms. Moreover, HA alcohol experienced rats show a high frequency of lever-pressing response during extinction, associated with a facilitation of bar-pressing recovery trials, an indication of alcohol-seeking behavior. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/15157-4 - Ansiedade traço e enriquecimento ambiental como fatores determinantes no desenvolvimento e funcionamento do circuito de recompensa e aversão de ratos tornados dependentes de álcool ou morfina
Beneficiário:Manoel Jorge Nobre Do Espirito Santo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/09685-9 - Alterações corticais induzidas pela administração crônica de ketamina e sua influência sobre os aspectos emocionais, locomotores e atencionais de ratas testadas em diferentes fases do ciclo estral
Beneficiário:Renata Ferreira Sgobbi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado