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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Using electromagnetic induction technology to identify atrazine leaching potential at field scale

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Oliveira, Luciano Alves [1] ; Woodbury, Bryan L. [2] ; de Miranda, Jarbas Honorio [1] ; Stromer, Bobbi S. [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ USP, Dept Biosyst Engn, Av Padua Dias 11 LEB ESALQ USP, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] USDA ARS, US Meat Anim Res Ctr, POB 166, Clay Ctr, NE 68933 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Geoderma; v. 375, OCT 1 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Atrazine is an herbicide commonly used to control weeds in corn crop. Atrazine becomes an environmental concern when it moves off-site to surface and ground waters. Understanding how atrazine moves in the field is important for developing management controls. Electromagnetic induction (EMI) has been used to map certain contaminant transport at the field scale. This study was developed to evaluate the efficacy of EMI technology for identifying surface soil atrazine concentration in a corn crop field. The research was conducted in a corn silage field with silt, clay and loam soils at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (USMARC), Clay Center, NE - USA, and it was divided in three stages; i) EMI data collection and a response surface sampling design for collection of bulk soils and soil core samples, ii) atrazine transport parameters were obtained by Breakthrough Curves using the bulk soil and numerical adjustments using STANMOD (HYDRUS package), and iii) Modeling atrazine parameters through EMI signal data with posterior atrazine's movement simulations through the soil using HYDRUS 2D. Atrazine's retardation factor, partition coefficient, and transfer coefficient were strongly correlated with EMI signal exhibiting a strong correlation with apparent electrical conductivity (ECa). The low values for RMSE and RRMSE and the high values for Willmott and Pearson coefficients indicate EMI technology can be used to predict atrazine movement parameters. HYDRUS 2D quantitatively simulates the atrazine concentration leaching and how the temporal scale of this contamination would be. Combining EMI technology with HYDRUS 2D modeling provides researcher with additional information for developing better management practices for controlling atrazine movement to surface water; however, further studies are needed determine the effectiveness of this approach for other soil types. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/07443-6 - Simulação da dinâmica da atrazina pelo modelo HYDRUS 2D sob cultivo de milho em regiões de solo tropical e temperado
Beneficiário:Luciano Alves de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/01915-6 - Simulação da dinâmica da atrazina pelo modelo Hydrus 2D sob cultivo de milho em regiões de solo tropical e temperado
Beneficiário:Luciano Alves de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/10164-4 - Simulação da dinâmica da atrazina, nitrato, fósforo e potássio em solos não saturados pelo modelo Hydrus
Beneficiário:Jarbas Honorio de Miranda
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular