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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of academic stress on the levels of oral volatile sulfur compounds, halitosis-related bacteria and stress biomarkers of healthy female undergraduate students

Texto completo
Autor(es):
De Lima, Patricia Oliveira [1] ; Nani, Bruno Dias [1] ; Rolim, Gustavo Satollo [2] ; Groppo, Francisco Carlos [1] ; Franz-Montan, Michelle [1] ; Alves De Moraes, Antonio Bento [3] ; Cogo-Muller, Karina [4, 1] ; Marcondes, Fernanda Klein [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Biosci, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Juiz de Fora UFJF, Dept Basic Hlth Appl Psychol, Governador Valadares, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Social Dent, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF BREATH RESEARCH; v. 14, n. 3 JUL 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

To investigate whether academic stress changes the salivary microbiota and its relationship with salivary parameters, evaluating the effects on the production of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) in healthy women. Fifty-five women who were enrolled in a four-year Dentistry course were assessed for academic stress by the questionnaire Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and were then classified into `Not Stressed' and `Stressed' groups. Cortisol and alpha-amylase (AA) were measured as physiological stress biomarkers. Oral Chroma (TM) gas chromatograph was used to measure concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), methyl mercaptan and dimethyl sulfide. Salivary proteins were evaluated by western blot. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to identify the salivary amounts of halitosis-associated bacteria. The `Stressed' volunteers showed higher levels of H2S, AA,Fusobacterium nucleatumand total bacteria, compared to the `Not Stressed' individuals (p< 0.05; Mann-Whitney test). Salivary proteins showed no differences between groups (p> 0.05; Mann-Whitney test). Academic stress was positively correlated with H2S, total bacteria andF. nucleatumcounts, whileF. nucleatumwas positively correlated with AA. H2S showed positive correlations with AA andSolobacterium moorei(p< 0.05; Spearman correlation). Beta-defensin (BD) presented negative correlations with H2S andS. moorei(p< 0.05; Spearman correlation). Academic stress increased salivaryF. nucleatumand total bacteria, as well as AA activity. The protein BD showed important correlations with bacteria and VSC. These changes appeared to be accountable for increased H2S production in the stressed women. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/01641-1 - Estudo da relação entre alterações emocionais e produção de compostos sulfurados voláteis
Beneficiário:Fernanda Klein Marcondes
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/11481-2 - Relação entre estresse, hormônios sexuais femininos e microbiota bucal: efeito sobre produção de compostos sulfurados voláteis e papel da beta-defensina
Beneficiário:Patricia Oliveira de Lima
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/50419-2 - Comportamento e saúde bucal: perspectivas interdisciplinares e aspectos emocionais no processo saúde-doença
Beneficiário:Antonio Bento Alves de Moraes
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/01642-8 - Relação entre estresse associado a atividades acadêmicas e produção de compostos sulfurados voláteis: participação da beta-defensina
Beneficiário:Patricia Oliveira de Lima
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado