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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Stability Evaluation of DMT and Harmala Alkaloids in Ayahuasca Tea Samples

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Autor(es):
Silveira, Gabriela de Oliveira [1] ; dos Santos, Rafael Guimaraes [2, 3] ; Lourenco, Felipe Rebello [4] ; Rossi, Giordano Novak [2] ; Hallak, Jaime E. C. [2, 3] ; Yonamine, Mauricio [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin & Toxicol Anal, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Neurosci & Behav, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Translat Med, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Pharm, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecules; v. 25, n. 9 MAY 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Ayahuasca tea is a hallucinogenic beverage used for religious purposes in Brazil and many other countries that has therapeutic potential in the treatment of some mental health disorders. In the context of psychedelic research, quantification of the tea's main alkaloids prior to its administration in animal or human studies is essential. For this reason, this study aims to provide information regarding the stability of the main ayahuasca alkaloids (dimethyltryptamine, DMT; harmine, HRM; tetrahydroharmine, THH; harmaline, HRL) in three different conditions: (1) A year stored in a refrigerator either in plastic or glass containers, (2) seven days at 37 degrees C to reproduce usual mail transportation, and (3) after three freeze-thaw cycles. Samples were quantified after a dilute-and-shoot procedure using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). There was no significant degradation of DMT concentration over time in all tested conditions. Harmala alkaloids (THH, HRL, and HRM) showed important variations after long-term and high-temperature storages. Although DMT has proven to be stable in all studied conditions, the harmala alkaloids revealed intense degradation and even concentration increment. This may be caused by degradation, alkaloid inter-conversion, and leaching from tea precipitate material. Therefore, ayahuasca quantification before administration in controlled sets is mandatory. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/24770-3 - Desenvolvimento de métodos analíticos para determinação dos alcaloides da ayahuasca em diferentes matrizes aplicando estratégias de química analítica verde
Beneficiário:Mauricio Yonamine
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/06810-2 - Desenvolvimento de métodos analíticos para determinação dos alcaloides da ayahuasca em diferentes matrizes aplicando estratégias de química analítica verde
Beneficiário:Gabriela de Oliveira Silveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado