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The relationship between alcohol consumption and the desire to own a firearm: an empirical study on citizens of Sao Paulo city, Brazil

Texto completo
Justus, M. [1, 2] ; Hemenway, D. [3, 1] ; Miller, M. [3, 1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Harvard Injury Control Res Ctr, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA - USA
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Econ, 350 Pitagoras St, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA - USA
[4] Northeastern Univ, Bouve Coll Hlth Sci, 360 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PUBLIC HEALTH; v. 179, p. 186-194, FEB 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Objective: The main objective of this study was to investigate the association between alcohol consumption (use and bingeing) and the desire to own a firearm for protection. Study design: We used data from three random cross-sectional victimisation surveys conducted in Sao Paulo city, Brazil, in 2003, 2008 and 2013 with people aged >= 16 years. Methods: We performed tests for equality of proportions. Our analysis was performed separately for each victimisation survey to check the robustness of the results. We also used probit models, estimated by the maximum likelihood method, to analyse the relationship between desire to own a firearm and alcohol consumption, controlling for many other variables. Results: In 2013, although only 1.5% of the population surveyed reported living in a household with a firearm, 15.7% report that they would possess a firearm if they could, and 13.0% believed they would be safer/more protected from violence if they had a firearm. The desire to own a firearm is higher among people who consume alcoholic beverages than among those who do not and is higher as alcohol binge frequency increases. Conclusion: In Sao Paulo city, alcohol consumption and binge drinking are positively associated with the desire to own a firearm. (C) 2019 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/14337-8 - Controle de armas de fogo, crime e violência no Brasil
Beneficiário:Marcelo Justus dos Santos
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa