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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Episodic stimulation of central chemoreceptor neurons elicits disordered breathing and autonomic dysfunction in volume overload heart failure

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Autor(es):
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Diaz, Hugo S. [1] ; Andrade, David C. [1, 2] ; Toledo, Camilo [1, 3] ; Pereyra, V, Katherin ; Schwarz, Karla G. [4] ; Diaz-Jara, Esteban [4] ; Lucero, Claudia [4] ; Arce-Alvarez, Alexis [4] ; Schultz, Harold D. [5] ; Silva, Josiane N. [6] ; Takakura, Ana C. [6] ; Moreira, Thiago S. [7] ; Marcus, Noah J. [8] ; Del Rio, Rodrigo [3, 9, 4]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Dept Physiol, Lab Cardioresp Control, Santiago - Chile
[2] Univ Mayor, CIFE, Santiago - Chile
[3] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Ctr Envejecimiento & Regenerac CARE UC, Santiago - Chile
[4] Pereyra, Katherin, V, Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Dept Physiol, Lab Cardioresp Control, Santiago - Chile
[5] Univ Nebraska Med Ctr, Dept Cellular & Integrat Physiol, Omaha, NE - USA
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Des Moines Univ, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Des Moines, IA - USA
[9] Univ Magallanes, Ctr Excelencia Biomed Magallanes CEBIMA, Punta Arenas - Chile
Número total de Afiliações: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LUNG CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR PHYSIOLOGY; v. 318, n. 1, p. L27-L40, JAN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Enhanced central chemoreflex (CC) gain is observed in volume overload heart failure (HF) and is correlated with autonomic dysfunction and breathing disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the role of the CC in the development of respiratory and autonomic dysfunction in HF. Volume overload was surgically created to induce HF in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Radiotelemetry transmitters were implanted for continuous monitoring of blood pressure and heart rate. After recovering from surgery, conscious unrestrained rats were exposed to episodic hypercapnic stimulation {[}EHS; 10 cycles/5 min, inspiratory fraction of carbon dioxide (FICO2) 7%] in a whole body plethysmograph for recording of cardiorespiratory function. To determine the contribution of CC to cardiorespiratory variables, selective ablation of chemoreceptor neurons within the retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) was performed via injection of saporin toxin conjugated to substance P (SSP-SAP). Vehicle-treated rats (HF+Veh and Sham+Veh) were used as controls for SSP-SAP experiments. Sixty minutes post-EHS, minute ventilation was depressed in sham animals relative to HF animals (Delta V-E: -5.55 +/- 2.10 vs. 1.24 +/- 1.35 mL/min 100 g, P < 0.05; Sham+Veh vs. HF+Veh). Furthermore, EHS resulted in autonomic imbalance, cardiorespiratory entrainment, and ventilatory disturbances in HF+Veh but not Sham+Veh rats, and these effects were significantly attenuated by SSP-SAP treatment. Also, the apneahypopnea index (AHI) was significantly lower in HF+SSP-SAP rats compared with HF+Veh rats (AHI: 5.5 +/- 0.8 vs. 14.4 +/- 1.3 events/h, HF+SSP-SAP vs. HF+Veh. respectively. P < 0.05). Finally. EHS-induced respiratory-cardiovascular coupling in HF rats depends on RTN chemoreceptor neurons because it was reduced by SSP-SAP treatment. Overall. EHS triggers ventilatory plasticity and elicits cardiorespiratory abnormalities in HF that are largely dependent on RTN chemoreceptor neurons. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/22069-0 - Melhora nos mecanismos de regulação do fluxo sanguíneo encefálico em animais espontaneamente hipertensos: participação do exercício físico
Beneficiário:Thiago dos Santos Moreira
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/23376-1 - Núcleo retrotrapezóide, quimiossensibilidade central e automaticidade respiratória
Beneficiário:Thiago dos Santos Moreira
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/23281-3 - Regiões encefálicas responsáveis pela neuroplasticidade observada na resposta respiratória induzida por hipercapnia em modelo animal de Doença de Parkinson
Beneficiário:Ana Carolina Thomaz Takakura
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular