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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of mindfulness on psychological and psychophysiological responses during self-paced walking

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Autor(es):
Bigliassi, Marcelo [1] ; Galano, Bruno M. [1] ; Lima-Silva, Adriano E. [2] ; Bertuzzi, Romulo [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Prof Mello Moraes Ave 65, BR-05508030 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Tecnol Fed Parana, Dept Phys Educ, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY; v. 57, n. 4 JAN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an audio-guided mindfulness (MF) single session on psychological and psychophysiological responses during an outdoor walking task. Twenty-four participants (12 females and 12 males; M-age = 23.6, SD = 3.9 years) were required to walk 200 m at a pace of their choosing. Two experimental conditions (mindfulness meditation and mindlessness {[}ML] meditation) and a control condition (CO) were administered. Electrical activity in the brain was measured by the use of a portable electroencephalography (EEG) system during walking. Fast Fourier Transform was used to decompose the EEG samples into theta (5-7 Hz), alpha (8-14 Hz), and beta (15-29 Hz) frequencies. Brain connectivity analysis between frontal and temporo-parietal electrode sites was conducted to explore functional interactions through the use of spectral coherence. Affective and perceptual responses were measured by the use of single-item scales and questionnaires. The present findings indicate that MF was sufficiently potent to reallocate attention toward task-related thoughts, downregulate perceived activation, and enhance affective responses to a greater degree than the other two conditions. Conversely, ML was sufficient to increase the use of dissociative thoughts, make participants less aware of their physical sensations and emotions, induce a more negative affective state, and upregulate perceived activation to a greater extent than MF and CO. The brain mechanisms that underlie the effects of MF on exercise appear to be associated with the enhanced inter-hemispheric connectivity of high-frequency waves between right frontal and left temporo-parietal areas of the cortex. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/22053-0 - Pacing no ciclismo: um estudo sobre a interface fadiga neuromuscular e perfil metabólico
Beneficiário:Rômulo Cássio de Moraes Bertuzzi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 18/08898-0 - Efeitos da auto-regulação sensorial sobre respostas neuropsicológicas e o desempenho esportivo durante o exercício predominantemente aeróbio
Beneficiário:Marcelo Bigliassi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado