Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Adapted Phys Act, Fac Phys Educ, Campinas, SP - Brazil
 Fed Univ Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Physiol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento:
FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY;
DEC 5 2019.
Citações Web of Science:
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of aerobic, resistance, and combined exercise training on cardiac function and autonomic modulation in female ob/ob mice. Methods: Four-week-old female wild type and obese (ob/ob) mice were divided into five groups (n = 8): control (WT), obese (OB) obese + aerobic training (OBA), obese + resistance training (OBR), and obese + combined training (OBC). The exercise training was performed on treadmill and/or ladder at 40-60% maximum test during 8 weeks. Cardiac function was measured using echo machine. Heart rate variability (HRV) was evaluated in the time and frequency domain. Results: OB group presented higher body weight gain (similar to 600%), glycemia (similar to 44%) and glucose intolerance (similar to 150%), reduction of cardiac vagal modulation, evidenced by a lower RMMSD (similar to 56%), total power and high frequency band, and a higher isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) (similar to 24%) in relation to the WT group. Aerobic and combined training led to a lower IVRT (OBA: similar to 14%; OBC: similar to 14%) and myocardial global index (OBA: similar to 37%; OBC: similar to 44%). The OBA group presented an increased in vagal indexes of HRV than the other ob/ob groups. A negative correlation was observed between the delta of aerobic exercise capacity and MPI (r = 0.45; p = 0.002) and exercise capacity and body weight gain (r = 0.39; p = 0.002). Conclusion: Only the obese females underwent to aerobic exercise training showed improvement in cardiac function and HRV. Moreover, the aerobic exercise capacity as well as a greater responsivity to aerobic exercise training is intimately associated with these improvements, reinforcing the importance of aerobic exercise training to this population. (AU)