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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Protozoan Parasites Glycosylphosphatidylinositol Anchors: Structures, Functions and Trends for Drug Discovery

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Autor(es):
Malaco Morotti, Ana Luisa [1] ; Martins-Teixeira, Maristela Braga [1] ; Carvalho, Ivone [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Current Medicinal Chemistry; v. 26, n. 23, p. 4301-4322, 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Background: Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors are molecules located on cell membranes of all eukaryotic organisms. Proteins, enzymes, and other macromolecules which are anchored by GPIs are essential elements for interaction between cells, and are widely used by protozoan parasites when compared to higher eukaryotes. Methods: More than one hundred references were collected to obtain broad information about mammalian and protozoan parasites' GPI structures, biosynthetic pathways, functions and attempts to use these molecules as drug targets against parasitic diseases. Differences between GPI among species were compared and highlighted. Strategies for drug discovery and development against protozoan GPI anchors were discussed based on what has been reported on literature. Results: There are many evidences that GPI anchors are crucial for parasite's survival and interaction with hosts' cells. Despite all GPI anchors contain a conserved glycan core, they present variations regarding structural features and biosynthetic pathways between organisms, which could offer adequate selectivity to validate GM anchors as drug targets. Discussion was developed with focus on the following parasites: Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania, Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii, causative agents of tropical neglected diseases. Conclusion: This review debates the main variances between parasitic and mammalian GPI anchor biosynthesis and structures, as well as clues for strategic development for new anti-parasitic therapies based on GPI anchors. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/21200-0 - Síntese e avaliação do potencial inibitório de carboidratos que mimetizam âncora de GPI de T. cruzi
Beneficiário:Ana Luísa Malaco Morotti
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado