Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Predicting suitable nesting sites for the Black caiman (Melanosuchus niger Spix 1825) in the Central Amazon basin

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ribeiro Banon, Gabriela Paola [1] ; Francis Banon, Gerald Jean [2] ; Villamarin, Francisco [3, 4] ; Arraut, Eduardo Moraes [5, 1, 6, 7] ; Moulatlet, Gabriel Massaine [8, 3] ; Renno, Camilo Daleles [2] ; Banon, Lise Christine [1] ; Marioni, Boris [9] ; De Moraes Novo, Evlyn Marcia Lea [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Div Sensoriamento Remoto, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Div Proc Imagem, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Reg Amazon Ikiam, Tena - Ecuador
[4] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenacao Biodivers, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Vegetal, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Inst Tecnol Aeronaut, Dept Recursos Hidr & Saneamento Ambiental, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Oxford, Wildlife Conservat Res Unit, Dept Zool, Oxford, Oxon - England
[8] Univ Turku, Dept Biol, Turku - Finland
[9] Inst Piagacu, Programa Conservacao Crocodilianos Amazon, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NEOTROPICAL BIODIVERSITY; v. 5, n. 1, p. 47-59, AUG 5 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

After many years of illegal hunting and commercialization, the populations of the Black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) have been recovering during the last four decades due to the enforcement of a legislation that inhibits their international commercialization. Protecting nesting sites, in which vulnerable life forms (as reproductive females, eggs, and neonates) spend considerable time, is one of the most appropriate conservation actions aimed at preserving caiman populations. Thus, identifying priority areas for this activity should be the primary concern of conservationists. As caiman nesting sites are often found across the areas with difficult access, collecting nest information requires extensive and costly fieldwork efforts. In this context, species distribution modeling can be a valuable tool for predicting the locations of caiman nests in the Amazon basin. In this work, the maximum entropy method (MaxEnt) was applied to model the M. niger nest occurrence in the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Reserve (MSDR) using remotely sensed data. By taking into account the M. niger nesting habitat, the following predictor variables were considered: conditional distance to open water, distance to bare soil, expanded contributing area from drainage, flood duration, and vegetation type. The threshold-independent prediction performance and binary prediction based on the threshold value of 0.9 were evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) and performing a binomial test, respectively. The obtained results (AUC = 0.967 +/- 0.006 and a highly significant binomial test P< 0.01) indicated excellent performance of the proposed model in predicting the M. niger nesting occurrence in the MSDR. The variables related to hydrological regimes (conditional distance to open water, expanded contributing area from drainage, and flood duration) most strongly affected the model performance. MaxEnt can be used for developing community-based sustainable management programs to provide socioeconomic benefits to local communities and promote species conservation in a much larger area within the Amazon basin. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/13462-0 - Extração da rede de drenagem da Bacia Amazônica por um processo de mineração de dados utilizando MDE-SRTM e avaliação do resultado em aplicações nas áreas de geomorfologia, geologia, ecohidrologia e distribuição de espécies.
Beneficiário:Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular