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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Periapical bone response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide is shifted upon cyclooxygenase blockage

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Autor(es):
Ribeiro-Santos, Fernanda Regina [1, 2] ; da Silva, Geyson Galo [1] ; Ferreira Petean, Igor Bassi [1] ; Manfrin Arnez, Maya Fernanda [1] ; Bezerra da Silva, Lea Assed [1] ; Faccioli, Lucia Helena [3] ; Garcia Paula-Silva, Francisco Wanderley [1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Odontol Ribeirao Preto, Dept Clin Infantil, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Pernambuco, Arco Verde, PE - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, Lab Inflamacao & Imunol Parasitoses, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Applied Oral Science; v. 27, 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Abstract Objectives: Infection, inflammation and bone resorption are closely related events in apical periodontitis development. Therefore, we sought to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase (COX) in osteoclastogenesis and bone metabolism signaling in periapical bone tissue after bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inoculation into root canals. Methodology: Seventy two C57BL/6 mice had the root canals of the first molars inoculated with a solution containing LPS from E. coli (1.0 mg/mL) and received selective (celecoxib) or non-selective (indomethacin) COX-2 inhibitor. After 7, 14, 21 and 28 days the animals were euthanized and the tissues removed for total RNA extraction. Evaluation of gene expression was performed by qRT-PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post-tests (α=0.05). Results: LPS induced expression of mRNA for COX-2 (Ptgs2) and PGE2 receptors (Ptger1, Ptger3 and Ptger4), indicating that cyclooxygenase is involved in periapical response to LPS. A signaling that favours bone resorption was observed because Tnfsf11 (RANKL), Vegfa, Ctsk, Mmp9, Cd36, Icam, Vcam1, Nfkb1 and Sox9 were upregulated in response to LPS. Indomethacin and celecoxib differentially modulated expression of osteoclastogenic and other bone metabolism genes: celecoxib downregulated Igf1r, Ctsk, Mmp9, Cd36, Icam1, Nfkb1, Smad3, Sox9, Csf3, Vcam1 and Itga3 whereas indomethacin inhibited Tgfbr1, Igf1r, Ctsk, Mmp9, Sox9, Cd36 and Icam1. Conclusions: We demonstrated that gene expression for COX-2 and PGE2 receptors was upregulated after LPS inoculation into the root canals. Additionally, early administration of indomethacin and celecoxib (NSAIDs) inhibited osteoclastogenic signaling. The relevance of the cyclooxygenase pathway in apical periodontitis was shown by a wide modulation in the expression of genes involved in both bone catabolism and anabolism. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/00045-1 - Cinética da Expressão da Enzima 5-Lipoxigenase na Lesão Periapical de Camundongos C57BL/6
Beneficiário:Geyson Galo da Silva
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 13/09595-7 - Papel dos inibidores seletivo e não-seletivo da enzima ciclooxigenase-2 e da enzima 5-lipoxigenase na osteoclastogênese no tratamento da lesão periapical experimental
Beneficiário:Igor Bassi Ferreira Petean
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 10/17611-4 - Mecanismos envolvidos na modulação da via 5-lipoxigenase na lesão periapical experimentalmente induzida
Beneficiário:Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula e Silva
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores