Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Intellectual, adaptive and behavioural characteristics in four patients with 18p deletion syndrome

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mello, C. B. [1] ; Bueno, O. F. A. [1] ; Benedetto, L. M. [1] ; Pimenta, L. S. E. [1] ; Takeno, S. S. [2] ; Melaragno, M. I. [2] ; Meloni, V. A. [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Psychobiol Dept, Rua Botucatu 862, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morphol & Genet, Genet Div, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY RESEARCH; v. 63, n. 3, p. 225-232, MAR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background The association of behavioural phenotype assessment with cytogenomic characterisation may provide a better comprehension of genotype-phenotype correlations in syndromes caused by chromosomal abnormalities, such as 18p deletion syndrome. Method We report on four Brazilian patients with 18p deletion syndrome characterised by cytogenomic techniques and detailed neuropsychological evaluation. Intellectual, adaptive and behavioural characteristics were assessed through the Wechsler's Scales, the Vineland-II Scale and the Child Behaviour Checklist, respectively. Socio-economic measures including main caretaker educational level and family income as defined by Brazilian criteria for social class classification were also collected to evaluate a possible contribution of environmental factors in neurocognitive variability. Results Two out of four patients showed intellectual disability (IQ < 70). Wechsler's scale results suggest that in our sample, interpretation of social situations based on observation of non-verbal behaviour constitute a cognitive strength while judgement of social rules and language skills associated with word knowledge and verbal fluency may be a cognitive weakness. Concerning adaptive behaviour, motor and socialisation domains showed to better develop than communication and daily living skills on the Vineland-II Scale. Only one patient presented internalising behavioural problems based on the Child Behaviour Checklist. Our results also suggested that socio-economic status may contribute to overall patient development. Conclusion Our results suggest that some 18p deletion syndrome patients may present average intellectual performance and that the segment deletion size and some families' socio-economic conditions may influence cognitive development. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/11572-8 - Rearranjos cromossômicos e sua importância na etiologia das doenças genéticas: investigação citogenômica e molecular
Beneficiário:Maria Isabel de Souza Aranha Melaragno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático