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(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Impact of a confirmatory RhD test on the correct serologic typing of blood donors

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Autor(es):
Luciana Cayres Schmidt ; Lilian Castilho ; Otavio Vinicius Neves Vieira ; Emília Sippert ; Ane Caroline Gaspardi ; Marina Lobato Martins ; Maria Clara Fernandes da Silva Malta
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia; v. 37, n. 5, p. -, Out. 2015.
Resumo

BACKGROUND: The RHD gene is highly polymorphic, which results in a large number of RhD variant phenotypes. Discrepancies in RhD typing are still a problem in blood banks and increase the risk of alloimmunization. In this study, the RhD typing strategy at a blood bank in Brazil was evaluated.METHODS: One-hundred and fifty-two samples typed as RhD negative and C or E positive by routine tests (automated system and indirect antiglobulin test using the tube technique) were reevaluated for RhD status by three methods. The method with the best performance was implemented and evaluated for a period of one year (n = 4897 samples). Samples that were D positive exclusively in the confirmatory test were submitted to molecular analysis.RESULTS: The gel test for indirect antiglobulin testing with anti-D immunoglobulin G (clone ESD1) presented the best results. Seventy samples (1.43%) previously typed as RhD negative showed reactivity in the gel test for indirect antiglobulin testing and were reclassified as D positive. D variants that may cause alloimmunization, such as weak D type 2 and partial DVI, were detected.CONCLUSION: The confirmatory RhD test using the gel test for indirect antiglobulin testing represents a breakthrough in transfusion safety in this blood center. Our results emphasize the importance of assessing the blood group typing strategy in blood banks. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/50927-0 - Estudo do polimorfismo molecular do sistema Rh e sua participação nos processos de aloimunização e destruição imune dos glóbulos vermelhos
Beneficiário:Lilian Maria de Castilho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular