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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ozone affects leaf physiology and causes injury to foliage of native tree species from the tropical Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil

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Autor(es):
Moura, Barbara Baesso [1, 2, 3] ; Alves, Edenise Segala [1] ; Marabesi, Mauro Alexandre [1] ; de Souza, Silvia Ribeiro [1] ; Schaub, Marcus [2] ; Vollenweider, Pierre [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Bot Inst Sao Paulo, POB 4005, BR-01061970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res, WSL, Zuercherstr 3, CH-8903 Birmensdorf - Switzerland
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Plant Biol, 255 Monteiro Lobato St, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 610, p. 912-925, JAN 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

In southern Brazil, the recent increase in tropospheric ozone (O-3) concentrations poses an additional threat to the biodiverse but endangered and fragmented remnants of the Atlantic Forest. Given the mostly unknown sensitivity of tropical species to oxidative stress, the principal objective of this study was to determine whether the current O-3 levels in the Metropolitan Region of Campinas (MRC), downwind of Sao Paulo, affect the native vegetation of forest remnants. Foliar responses to O-3 of three tree species typical of the MRC forests were investigated using indoor chamber exposure experiments under controlled conditions and a field survey. Exposure to 70 ppb O-3 reduced assimilation and leaf conductance but increased respiration in Astronium graveolens while gas exchange in Croton floribundus was little affected. Both A. graveolens and Piptadenia gonoacantha developed characteristic O-3-induced injury in the foliage, similar to visible symptoms observed in >30% of trees assessed in the MRC, while C. floribundus remained asymptomatic. The underlying structural symptoms in both O-3-exposed and field samples were indicative of oxidative burst, hypersensitive responses, accelerated cell senescence and, primarily in field samples, interaction with photo-oxidative stress. The markers of O-3 stress were thus mostly similar to those observed in other regions of the world. Further research is needed, to estimate the proportion of sensitive forest species, the O-3 impact on tree growth and stand stability and to detect O-3 hot spots where woody species in the Atlantic Forest are mostly affected. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/00782-6 - Análises estruturais e ultraestruturais em folhas de espécies nativas sob influência de poluentes aéreos
Beneficiário:Barbara Baesso Moura
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/52319-2 - Monitoramento de mudanças ambientais induzidas por poluentes, originados de diferentes usos da terra pelo homem e seus efeitos sobre remanescentes de vegetação nativa
Beneficiário:Marisa Domingos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/11328-1 - Análises estruturais e ultraestruturais em folhas de espécies nativas sob influência de poluentes aéreos
Beneficiário:Barbara Baesso Moura
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado