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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Forest Fragmentation in the Lower Amazon Floodplain: Implications for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Provision to Riverine Populations

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Reno, Vivian ; Novo, Evlyn ; Escada, Maria
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: REMOTE SENSING; v. 8, n. 11 NOV 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

This article analyzes the process of forest fragmentation of a floodplain landscape of the Lower Amazon over a 30-year period and its implications for the biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services to the riverine population. To this end, we created a multi-temporal forest cover map based on Landsat images, and then analyzed the fragmentation dynamics through landscape metrics. From the analyses of the landscape and bibliographic information, we made inferences regarding the potential impacts of fragmentation on the biodiversity of trees, birds, mammals and insects. Subsequently, we used data on the local populations' environmental perception to assess whether the inferred impacts on biodiversity are perceived by these populations and whether the ecosystem services related to the biodiversity of the addressed groups are compromised. The results show a 70% reduction of the forest habitat as well as important changes in the landscape structure that constitute a high degree of forest fragmentation. The perceived landscape alterations indicate that there is great potential for compromise of the biodiversity of trees, birds, mammals and insects. The field interviews corroborate the inferred impacts on biodiversity and indicate that the ecosystem services of the local communities have been compromised. More than 95% of the communities report a decreased variety and/or abundance of animal and plant species, 46% report a decrease in agricultural productivity, and 19% confirm a higher incidence of pests during the last 30 years. The present study provides evidence of an accelerated process of degradation of the floodplain forests of the Lower Amazon and indicate substantial compromise of the ecosystem services provision to the riverine population in recent decades, including reductions of food resources (animals and plants), fire wood, raw material and medicine, as well as lower agricultural productivity due to probable lack of pollination, impoverishment of the soil and an increase of pests. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/02544-5 - As várzeas amazônicas: dinâmica espaço-temporal da cobertura florestal e seus impactos na integridade dos ecossistemas florestais e no bem-estar das populações ribeirinhas
Beneficiário:Vivian Fróes Renó
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/23594-8 - Sensoriamento remoto aplicado à modelagem de impactos antropogênicos sobre propriedades ecológicas de ambientes alagáveis e aquáticos da planície do Solimões/Amazonas
Beneficiário:Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular