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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Density and P-wave velocity structure beneath the Parana Magmatic Province: Refertilization of an ancient lithospheric mantle

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Autor(es):
Chaves, Carlos ; Ussami, Naomi ; Ritsema, Jeroen
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS; v. 17, n. 8, p. 3054-3074, AUG 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

We estimate density and P-wave velocity perturbations in the mantle beneath the southeastern South America plate from geoid anomalies and P-wave traveltime residuals to constrain the structure of the lithosphere underneath the Parana Magmatic Province (PMP) and conterminous geological provinces. Our analysis shows a consistent correlation between density and velocity anomalies. The P-wave speed and density are 1% and 15 kg/m(3) lower, respectively, in the upper mantle under the Late Cretaceous to Cenozoic alkaline provinces, except beneath the Goias Alkaline Province (GAP), where density (+20 kg/m(3)) and velocity (+0.5%) are relatively high. Underneath the PMP, the density is higher by about 50 kg/m(3) in the north and 25 kg/m(3) in the south, to a depth of 250-300 km. These values correlate with high-velocity perturbations of +0.5% and +0.3%, respectively. Profiles of density perturbation versus depth in the upper mantle are different for the PMP and the adjacent Archean SAo Francisco (SFC) and Amazonian (AC) cratons. The Paleoproterozoic PMP basement has a high-density root. The density is relatively low in the SFC and AC lithospheres. A reduction of density is a typical characteristic of chemically depleted Archean cratons. A more fertile Proterozoic and Phanerozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle has a higher density, as deduced from density estimates of mantle xenoliths of different ages and composition. In conjunction with Re-Os isotopic studies of the PMP basalts, chemical and isotopic analyses of peridodite xenoliths from the GAP in the northern PMP, and electromagnetic induction experiments of the PMP lithosphere, our density and P-wave speed models suggest that the densification of the PMP lithosphere and flood basalt generation are related to mantle refertilization. Metasomatic refertilization resulted from the introduction of asthenospheric components from the mantle wedge above Proterozoic subduction zones, which surrounded the Parana lithosphere. The high-density PMP lithosphere is presently gravitationally unstable and prone to delamination. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/50493-8 - Modelos da crosta e litosfera sob as bacias do Paraná e Chaco-Paraná integrando gradiometria gravimétrica por satélite, gravimetria terrestre e sondagens magnéticas e eletromagnéticas
Beneficiário:Icaro Vitorello
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/18511-6 - Inversão Conjunta de Tempos Residuais Telessísmicos e de Dados de Anomalias do Geóide: Novos Modelos da Crosta Inferior e do Manto Superior da Bacia do Paraná.
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Moreno Chaves
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/11908-3 - Inversão conjunta de tempos residuais telessísmicos e de dados de anomalias do geóide: implementação de um algoritmo computacional para mapeamento de variações de densidade no manto
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Moreno Chaves
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado