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(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of Silver Nanoparticles on Physicochemical and Antibacterial Properties of Calcium Silicate Cements

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Autor(es):
Fernando Vazquez-Garcia [1] ; Mário Tanomaru-Filho [2] ; Gisselle Moraima Chávez-Andrade [3] ; Roberta Bosso-Martelo [4] ; Maria Inês Basso-Bernardi [5] ; Juliane Maria Guerreiro-Tanomaru [6]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brasil
[2] Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brasil
[3] Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brasil
[4] Universidade Federal da Bahia - Brasil
[5] Universidade de São Paulo - Brasil
[6] Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brasil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Dental Journal; v. 27, n. 5, p. 508-514, 2016-10-00.
Resumo

Abstract Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Portland cement (PC) are calcium silicate cements. They have similar physicochemical, mechanical and biological properties. The addition of zirconium oxide (ZrO2) to PC provides radiopacity. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) may improve some properties of cements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of AgNPs on physicochemical/mechanical properties and antibacterial activity of white MTA (WMTA) and PC associated with ZrO2. The following materials were evaluated: WMTA; PC 70% + ZrO2 30%; WMTA+ AgNPs; and PC 70% + ZrO2 30% + AgNPs. The study evaluated radiopacity, setting time, pH, compressive strength and solubility. For radiopacity analysis, radiographs were made alongside an aluminum (Al) step wedge. To evaluate the antibacterial activity, direct contact test was performed on planktonic cells and Enterococcus faecalis biofilm induced on bovine root dentin for 14 days. The experimental periods were 5 and 15 h. Data were obtained as CFU mL-1. The obtained data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). The addition of AgNPs to WMTA increased the pH, lowered the solubility and the initial and final setting times. The addition of AgNPs to PC/ZrO2 maintained the pH, lowered the solubility, and increased the setting time and compressive strength. The radiopacity of all materials was higher than 4 mmAl. The addition of AgNPs promoted an increase in antibacterial activity for calcium silicate cements and favored the physicochemical and mechanical properties of the materials. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/11318-9 - Avaliação de propriedades físico-químicas, mecânicas e antimicrobianas do MTA e cimento Portland associado a óxido de zircônio e nano-hidroxiapatita
Beneficiário:Adinael Trindade Junior
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 12/13271-0 - Avaliação de propriedades físico-químicas, mecânicas e antimicrobianas do MTA e cimento Portland associado a óxido de zircônio e nano-hidroxiapatita
Beneficiário:Juliane Maria Guerreiro Tanomaru
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular