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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fishers' knowledge about fish trophic interactions in the southeastern Brazilian coast

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Autor(es):
Ramires, Milena [1, 2] ; Clauzet, Mariana [1, 2] ; Barrella, Walter [1, 2] ; Rotundo, Matheus M. [3] ; Silvano, Renato A. M. [2, 4] ; Begossi, Alpina [1, 2, 5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Santa Cecilia UNISANTA, Programa Pos Grad Sustentabilidade Ecossistemas C, Lab Ecol Humana, BR-11045040 Santos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Santa Cecilia, Fisheries & Food Inst FIFO, BR-11045040 Santos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Santa Cecilia AZUSC, Acervo Zool, BR-11045907 Santos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Ecol, BR-91501970 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, NEPA, CAPESCA, BR-13083852 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine; v. 11, MAR 5 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Background: Data derived from studies of fishers' local ecological knowledge (LEK) can be invaluable to the proposal of new studies and more appropriate management strategies. This study analyzed the fisher's LEK about trophic relationships of fishes in the southeastern Brazilian coast, comparing fishers' LEK with scientific knowledge to provide new hypotheses. Methods: The initial contacts with fishers were made through informal visits in their residences, to explain the research goals, meet fishers and their families, check the number of resident fishers and ask for fishers' consent to participate in the research. After this initial contact, fishers were selected to be included in the interviews through the technique of snowball sampling. The fishers indicated by others who attended the criteria to be included in the research were interviewed by using a semi-structured standard questionnaire. Results: There were interviewed 26 artisanal fishers from three communities of the Ilhabela: Jabaquara, Fome and Serraria. The interviewed fishers showed a detailed knowledge about the trophic interactions of the studied coastal fishes, as fishers mentioned 17 food items for these fishes and six fish and three mammals as fish predators. The most mentioned food items were small fish, shrimps and crabs, while the most mentioned predators were large reef fishes. Fishers also mentioned some predators, such as sea otters, that have not been reported by the biological literature and are poorly known. Conclusions: The LEK of the studied fishers showed a high degree of concordance with the scientific literature regarding fish diet. This study evidenced the value of fishers' LEK to improve fisheries research and management, as well as the needy to increase the collaboration among managers, biologists and fishers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 01/05263-2 - Etnoecologia do mar e da terra na costa paulista da Mata Atlântica: áreas de pesca e uso de recursos naturais
Beneficiário:Alpina Begossi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 04/02183-6 - Etnoictiologia, dieta e tabus alimentares dos pescadores artesanais de Ilhabela, Litoral Norte de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Milena Ramires de Souza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/16722-2 - Ecologia e etnoecologia da pesca artesanal no Brasil
Beneficiário:Alpina Begossi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Brasil