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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ethanol withdrawal increases oxidative stress and reduces nitric oxide bioavailability in the vasculature of rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Gonzaga, Natalia A. [1, 2] ; Mecawi, Andre S. [3] ; Antunes-Rodrigues, Jose [3] ; De Martinis, Bruno S. [4] ; Padovan, Claudia M. [4] ; Tirapelli, Carlos R. [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Programa Posgrad Farmacol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Enfermagem Psiquicitr & Ciencias Humanas, Escola Enfermagem Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Fisiol, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ALCOHOL; v. 49, n. 1, p. 47-56, FEB 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

We analyzed the effects of ethanol withdrawal on the vascular and systemic renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and vascular oxidative stress. Male Wistar rats were treated with ethanol 3-9% (v/v) for a period of 21 days. Ethanol withdrawal was induced by abrupt discontinuation of the treatment. Experiments were performed 48 h after ethanol discontinuation. Rats from the ethanol withdrawal group showed decreased exploration of the open arms of the elevated-plus maze (EPM) and increased plasma corticosterone levels. Ethanol withdrawal significantly increased systolic blood pressure and plasma angiotensin II (ANG II) levels without an effect on plasma renin activity (PRA), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity, or plasma angiotensin I (ANG I) levels. No differences in vascular ANG I, ANG II levels, and ACE activity/expression and AT(1) and AT(2) receptor expression were detected among the experimental groups. Plasma osmolality, as well as plasma sodium, potassium, and glucose levels were not affected by ethanol withdrawal. Ethanol withdrawal induced systemic and vascular oxidative stress, as evidenced by increased plasma thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances (TBARS) levels and the vascular generation of superoxide anion. Ethanol withdrawal significantly decreased plasma and vascular nitrate/nitrite levels. Major new findings of the present study are that ethanol withdrawal induces vascular oxidative stress and reduces nitric oxide (NO) levels in the vasculature. Additionally, our study provides novel evidence that ethanol withdrawal does not affect the vascular ANG II generating system while stimulating systemic RAS. These responses could predispose individuals to the development of cardiovascular diseases. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/15824-9 - Participação da NAD(P)H oxidase na disfunção vascular e aumento da pressão arterial induzido pelo consumo de etanol: envolvimento do estresse oxidativo e da sinalização redox vascular
Beneficiário:Carlos Renato Tirapelli
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/00808-8 - Consequências da abstinência ao etanol sobre a vasculatura e o sistema renina angiotensina (SRA) sistêmico e tecidual
Beneficiário:Carlos Renato Tirapelli
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular