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Pyrimidine-5 `-nucleotidase Campinas, a new mutation (p.R56G) in the NT5C3 gene associated with pyrimidine-5 `-nucleotidase type I deficiency and influence of Gilbert's Syndrome on clinical expression

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dos Santos, Andrey [1] ; Cordeiro Dantas, Larissa Elizabeth [1] ; Traina, Fabiola [1] ; de Albuquerque, Dulcineia Martins [1] ; Chaim, Elinton Adami [1] ; Saad, Sara T. Olalla [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Sangue, BR-13083878 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Hemoctr, BR-13083878 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BLOOD CELLS MOLECULES AND DISEASES; v. 53, n. 4, p. 246-252, DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 1

Pyrimidine-5'-nucleotidase type I (P5'NI) deficiency is an autosomal recessive condition that causes nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia, characterized by marked basophilic stippling and pyrimidine nucleotide accumulation in erythrocytes. We herein present two African descendant patients, father and daughter, with P5'N deficiency, both born from first cousins. Investigation of the promoter polymorphism of the uridine diphospho glucuronosyl transferase 1A (UGT1A) gene revealed that the father was homozygous for the allele (TA7) and the daughter heterozygous (TA6/TA7). P5'NI gene (NT5C3) gene sequencing revealed a further change in homozygosity at amino acid position 56 (p.R56G), located in a highly conserved region. Both patients developed gallstones: however the father, who had undergone surgery for the removal of stones, had extremely severe intrahepatic cholestasis and, liver biopsy revealed fibrosis and siderosis grade III, leading us to believe that the homozygosity of the UGT1A polymorphism was responsible for the more severe clinical features in the father. Moreover, our results show how the clinical expression of hemolytic anemia is influenced by epistatic factors and we describe a new mutation in the P5'N gene associated with enzyme deficiency, iron overload, and severe gallstone formation. To our knowledge, this is the first description of P5'N deficiency in South Americans. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57895-1 - Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Sangue
Beneficiário:Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/51959-0 - Biologia das doenças neoplásicas da medula óssea
Beneficiário:Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático