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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Spatial distribution and substrate selection by the orb-weaver spider Eustala perfida Mello-Leitao, 1947 (Araneae: Araneidae)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Messas, Y. F. [1] ; Souza, H. S. [1] ; Gonzaga, M. O. [2] ; Vasconcellos-Neto, J. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, IB, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Inst Biol, BR-38400 Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, IB, Dept Anim Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Natural History; v. 48, n. 43-44, p. 2645-2660, NOV 25 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Spider habitat types are often restricted by specific biotic and/or abiotic factors. Abiotic physical limitations include temperature and humidity; and biological conditions influencing spider habitat include vegetation type, natural enemies and prey availability. The orb-weaver spider, Eustala perfida (Araneidae), typically builds its web against tree trunks, where it is highly camouflaged. In the present study, we evaluated E. perfida spatial distribution and substrate selection in Serra do Japi, an Atlantic Forest region located in Jundiai (Sao Paulo, Brazil). We established plots within and at the forest edge at three altitudes, and measured trunk diameter, web height above ground level, presence of trunk concavities, and spider number in trees within plots. Eustala perfida occurred at all three altitudes, and was more common at the intermediate elevation. All individuals were observed within the forest interior, with the highest occurrence on trunks with diameter at breast height >30cm. Trunk diameter varied among sites, and E. perfida distribution apparently followed large trunk availability. On large diameter trunks, spiders typically placed their webs over concavities, and tended to build in rough areas covered by lichens and mosses at levels as high as \~{}150cm above ground level. Selection of large rough trunks covered by lichens and mosses is probably an adaptation to remain concealed from visually oriented predators. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/15457-0 - História Natural e Ecologia Populacional de Eustala perfida Mello-Leitão, 1947 (Araneae, Araneidae) na Serra do Japi, Jundiaí - SP
Beneficiário:Yuri Fanchini Messas
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/15456-4 - Biologia e ecologia de Eustala taquara (Keyserling, 1982), (Araneae, Araneidae) na Serra do Japi, Jundiaí - SP
Beneficiário:Hebert da Silva Souza
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/02535-3 - História natural de Eustala sp2 (Araneae, Araneidae).
Beneficiário:Yuri Fanchini Messas
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 11/02537-6 - História Natural de Eustala sp1 (Araneae, Araneidae)
Beneficiário:Hebert da Silva Souza
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica