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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Total removal of alachlor from water by electrochemical processes

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Pipi, Angelo R. F. [1, 2] ; De Andrade, Adalgisa R. [1] ; Brillas, Enric [2] ; Sires, Ignasi [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Quim, Lab Eletrocatalise & Eletroquim Ambiental, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Barcelona, Fac Quim, Dept Quim Fis, Lab Electroquim Dels Mat & Medi Ambient, E-08028 Barcelona - Spain
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Separation and Purification Technology; v. 132, p. 674-683, AUG 20 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 31

Concentrated aqueous solutions of the chloroacetanilide herbicide alachlor, a suspected human carcinogen that has been classified as a priority water pollutant by the European Commission, have been quickly degraded and even totally mineralized by different electrochemical advanced oxidation processes (EAOPs) in cells equipped with a carbonaceous air-diffusion cathode able to electrogenerate H2O2 on site and a Pt or boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode. The highest performance was obtained by means of the photoelectro-Fenton (PEF) process with BDD in the presence of 0.5 mM Fe2+, thanks to the synergistic action of (i) electron transfer, (ii) coupled oxidation by (OH)-O-center dot generated by Fenton's reaction in the solution bulk and BDD((OH)-O-center dot) generated at the anode surface, and (iii) photolytic and photodecarboxylation reactions allowed by UVA photons. Good results were also obtained by electro-oxidation (EO) and electro-Fenton (EF) with BDD, resulting in a much higher mineralization current efficiency than EO, EF and PEF with Pt. Based on GC-MS analyses, the initial transformation step of alachlor promoted by the EAOPs involved four different reaction pathways, namely dealkylation, cyclization, scission of the R-N bond and hydroxylation by (OH)-O-center dot and BDD((OH)-O-center dot). Further cleavage of the resulting nine cyclic and/or aromatic by-products led to the appearance of short-chain aliphatic carboxylic acids such as acetic, chloroacetic, oxamic and oxalic. Only PEF with BDD was able to ensure the quick and total degradation of the latter two acids, therefore becoming the best available electrochemical technology at present for the degradation of alachlor. Different amounts of nitrogenated (NH4+ and NO3-) and chlorinated (Cl-, ClO3- and ClO4-) ions were accumulated in the final solutions depending on the anode and the applied current. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/00736-4 - Degradation of herbicides by electro-Fenton process and solar Photoelectro-Fenton in pilot plant flow
Grantee:Angelo Ricardo Fávaro Pipi
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate