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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Differences in scapular kinematics and scapulohumeral rhythm during elevation and lowering of the arm between typical children and healthy adults

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Habechian, Fernanda A. P. [1] ; Fornasari, Giovanna G. [1] ; Sacramento, Luciane S. [2] ; Camargo, Paula R. [2, 1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Metodista Piracicaba, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 6

Scapular kinematics in healthy adults is well described in the literature but little is known on typical children. This study aimed to compare the three-dimensional (3-D) scapular kinematics and scapulohumeral rhythm during the elevation and lowering of the arm in the scapular plane in typical children and healthy adults. Twenty-six healthy adults (35.34 +/- 11.65 years, 1.70 +/- 0.10 m, 70.00 +/- 12.30 kg) and 33 typical children (9.12 +/- 1.51 years, 1.40 +/- 0.10 m, 35.40 +/- 10.45 kg) participated in this study. 3-D scapular kinematics were obtained using an electromagnetic tracking device. The subjects were asked to elevate and lower their arm in the scapular plane. Children showed less scapular protraction compared to adults at 120 degrees during arm elevation, more anterior tilt than adults in the elevation and also at 60 degrees, 90 degrees and 120 degrees during lowering of the arm. Children also showed higher scapulohumeral rhythm during lowering of the arm compared to adults from 90 degrees to 60 degrees. It was also found a low to little correlation between scapular position and age. The study showed small but significant differences in scapular kinematics and scapulohumeral rhythm between children and adults. These results can help clinicians to improve diagnosis and treatment protocols directed to children with dysfunction, as reference values on scapular kinematics in healthy children are also provided in this study. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/23804-2 - Analysis of the 3-D scapulohumeral rhythm during arm elevation in the scapular plane in healthy adults and typical children
Grantee:Giovanna Gurgel Fornasari
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation