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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cryptic Genetic Diversity Is Paramount in Small-Bodied Amphibians of the Genus Euparkerella (Anura: Craugastoridae) Endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

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Fusinatto, Luciana A. [1] ; Alexandrino, Joao [2, 3] ; Haddad, Celio F. B. [3] ; Brunes, Tuliana O. [4, 5] ; Rocha, Carlos F. D. [1] ; Sequeira, Fernando [4]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estado Rio de Janeiro, Inst Biol Roberto Alcantara Gomes, Dept Ecol, BR-20550011 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] UNIFESP Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Porto, Ctr Invest Biodiversidade & Recursos Genet, CIBIO UP, Vairao - Portugal
[5] Univ Porto, Fac Ciencias, Dept Biol, P-4100 Oporto - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 11 NOV 1 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 18

Morphological similarity associated to restricted distributions and low dispersal abilities make the direct developing ``Terrarana{''} frogs of the genus Euparkerella a good model for examining diversification processes. We here infer phylogenetic relationships within the genus Euparkerella, using DNA sequence data from one mitochondrial and four nuclear genes coupled with traditional Bayesian phylogenetic reconstruction approaches and more recent coalescent methods of species tree inference. We also used Bayesian clustering analysis and a recent Bayesian coalescent-based approach specifically to infer species delimitation. The analysis of 39 individuals from the four known Euparkerella species uncovered high levels of genetic diversity, especially within the two previously morphologically-defined E. cochranae and E. brasiliensis. Within these species, the gene trees at five independent loci and trees from combined data (concatenated dataset and the species tree) uncovered six deeply diverged and geographically coherent evolutionary units, which may have diverged between the Miocene and the Pleistocene. These six units were also uncovered in the Bayesian clustering analysis, and supported by the Bayesian coalescent-based species delimitation (BPP), and Genealogical Sorting Index (GSI), providing thus strong evidence for underestimation of the current levels of diversity within Euparkerella. The cryptic diversity now uncovered opens new opportunities to examine the origins and maintenance of microendemism in the context of spatial heterogeneity and/or human induced fragmentation of the highly threatened Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/50928-1 - Speciation of frogs in high-altitude environments
Grantee:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 05/52727-5 - Biogeography, phylogeography and diversification patterns of anuran species widespread in the Brazilian Atlantic forest
Grantee:João Miguel de Barros Alexandrino
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants