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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Carbon stock and humification index of organic matter affected by sugarcane straw and soil management

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Aline Segnini [1] ; João Luís Nunes Carvalho [2] ; Denizart Bolonhezi [3] ; Débora Marcondes Bastos Pereira Milori [4] ; Wilson Tadeu Lopes da Silva [1] ; Marcelo Luiz Simões [6] ; Heitor Cantarella [6] ; Isabella C. de Maria [6] ; Ladislau Martin-Neto [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Embrapa Instrumentacao, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Laboratório Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol. CTBE - Laboratório Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol. Polo II de Alta Tecnologia - Brasil
[3] APTA, Ctr Leste, BR-14030670 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Embrapa - Brasil
[5] Embrapa - Brasil
[6] IAC, BR-13012970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Scientia Agricola; v. 70, n. 5, p. 321-326, 2013-10-00.

The maintenance of sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) straw on a soil surface increases the soil carbon (C) stocks, but at lower rates than expected. This fact is probably associated with the soil management adopted during sugarcane replanting. This study aimed to assess the impact on soil C stocks and the humification index of soil organic matter (SOM) of adopting no-tillage (NT) and conventional tillage (CT) for sugarcane replanting. A greater C content and stock was observed in the NT area, but only in the 0-5 cm soil layer (p < 0.05). Greater soil C stock (0-60 cm) was found in soil under NT, when compared to CT and the baseline. While C stock of 116 Mg ha-1 was found in the baseline area, in areas under CT and NT systems the values ranged from 120 to 127 Mg ha-1. Carbon retention rates of 0.67 and 1.63 Mg C ha-1 year-1 were obtained in areas under CT and NT, respectively. Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy showed that CT makes the soil surface (0-20 cm) more homogeneous than the NT system due to the effect of soil disturbance, and that the SOM humification index (H LIF) is larger in CT compared to NT conditions. In contrast, NT had a gradient of increasing H LIF, showing that the entry of labile organic material such as straw is also responsible for the accumulation of C in this system. The maintenance of straw on the soil surface and the adoption of NT during sugarcane planting are strategies that can increase soil C sequestration in the Brazilian sugarcane sector. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/06084-0 - Dynamic and stability of the organic matter in areas with potential for carbon sequestration in the soil
Grantee:Ladislau Martin Neto
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 03/06096-8 - Structure and reactivity of organic matter in areas with potential for carbon sequestration in the soil: studies with spectroscopic methods
Grantee:Aline Segnini
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate